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Protected samples of lower respiratory tract secretions processed by quantitative culture techniques are recommended to diagnose nosocomial bacterial pneumonia in intubated, mechanically ventilated patients. To evaluate the accuracy of a simple and inexpensive sampling device in this setting, we compared quantitative cultures of paired single-sheathed(More)
Fat embolism of necrotic bone marrow could be a frequent cause of acute chest syndrome (ACS) in sickle cell syndromes (SC), as suggested by postmortem findings. To check this hypothesis in living patients, we evaluated the presence of fatty macrophages recovered by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in ACS. We investigated 20 consecutive cases of ACS by BAL, and(More)
Few data are available concerning the relationship between alveolar and blood cell populations during neutropenia. We wanted to compare the value of pulmonary endoscopic procedures with lavage in neutropenic (polymorphonuclear (PMN) count < or = 1,000.mm-3) and non-neutropenic settings. We therefore, retrospectively, reviewed the results of 118(More)
Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is an unusual familial disorder primarily affecting the skin and its appendages. We report the case of a DC patient with chronic respiratory tract involvement, confirming the features previously reported by a small number of authors: 1) chronic bronchoalveolar involvement is not unusual in this disorder; 2) the main features are(More)
Although airway epithelium is known to be modified during chronic respiratory diseases, epithelial cells have rarely been precisely quantified. We therefore intended to evaluate epithelial cell distribution in inflammatory airways, using a cytological approach. Nasal airway cells in 12 patients with nonallergic chronic rhinitis were sampled by brushing,(More)
Although respiratory changes induced by tobacco smoke have been extensively described, no study has focused on ciliary abnormalities associated with chronic smoking. Ciliary ultrastructure was studied in 37 adults with chronic sputum production (CSP) consisting of 13 current smokers (Group 1), 5 ex-smokers (Group 2), and 19 nonsmokers (Group 3). Five(More)
Ciliary dyskinesia is characterized by recurrent respiratory tract infections secondary to abnormal ciliary structure and function. The diagnosis of ciliary dyskinesia is based on the detection of axonemal ultrastructural abnormalities (AUA) is respiratory mucosa samples. In most cases, the diagnosis of AUA is made on samples obtained from nasal ciliated(More)
To verify whether the determination of the percentage of cells recovered by bronchoalveolar lavage and containing fat inclusions is a useful diagnostic tool of posttraumatic pulmonary fat embolism. Prospective study. Surgical Intensive Care Units in two university hospitals. 56 successive trauma patients needing prolonged postinjury mechanical ventilation,(More)
Fiberoptic bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage are major tools in the diagnosis of acute pneumonia in immunocompromised patients. We conducted a prospective study to assess the morbidity associated with this procedure in 14 patients with AIDS and 16 patients with drug-induced immunosuppression. No patient had a PaO2 lower than 70 mm Hg with additional(More)
To assess if two different forms of upper airway topical anaesthesia induce similar changes in airway flow resistance (Rrs). Serial measurements of Rrs before and after topical anaesthesia with acqueous or paste lidocaine. Lung function test laboratory. 9 normal men with documented normal lung function tests. 2 different session of topical upper airway(More)