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Protected samples of lower respiratory tract secretions processed by quantitative culture techniques are recommended to diagnose nosocomial bacterial pneumonia in intubated, mechanically ventilated patients. To evaluate the accuracy of a simple and inexpensive sampling device in this setting, we compared quantitative cultures of paired single-sheathed(More)
Ciliary dyskinesia is characterized by recurrent respiratory tract infections secondary to abnormal ciliary structure and function. The diagnosis of ciliary dyskinesia is based on the detection of axonemal ultrastructural abnormalities (AUA) is respiratory mucosa samples. In most cases, the diagnosis of AUA is made on samples obtained from nasal ciliated(More)
Although respiratory changes induced by tobacco smoke have been extensively described, no study has focused on ciliary abnormalities associated with chronic smoking. Ciliary ultrastructure was studied in 37 adults with chronic sputum production (CSP) consisting of 13 current smokers (Group 1), 5 ex-smokers (Group 2), and 19 nonsmokers (Group 3). Five(More)
Fiberoptic bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage are major tools in the diagnosis of acute pneumonia in immunocompromised patients. We conducted a prospective study to assess the morbidity associated with this procedure in 14 patients with AIDS and 16 patients with drug-induced immunosuppression. No patient had a PaO2 lower than 70 mm Hg with additional(More)
Fat embolism of necrotic bone marrow could be a frequent cause of acute chest syndrome (ACS) in sickle cell syndromes (SC), as suggested by postmortem findings. To check this hypothesis in living patients, we evaluated the presence of fatty macrophages recovered by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in ACS. We investigated 20 consecutive cases of ACS by BAL, and(More)
Few data are available concerning the relationship between alveolar and blood cell populations during neutropenia. We wanted to compare the value of pulmonary endoscopic procedures with lavage in neutropenic (polymorphonuclear (PMN) count < or = 1,000.mm-3) and non-neutropenic settings. We therefore, retrospectively, reviewed the results of 118(More)
Sampling for nasal or bronchial ciliated cells requires the use of anaesthetic agents, but such drugs may interfere with the morphological or functional results. Lidocaine is the most frequently used local anaesthetic. In order to study the morphological and functional effects of lidocaine hydrochloride, we designed an experimental study on ciliated cells(More)
Although airway epithelium is known to be modified during chronic respiratory diseases, epithelial cells have rarely been precisely quantified. We therefore intended to evaluate epithelial cell distribution in inflammatory airways, using a cytological approach. Nasal airway cells in 12 patients with nonallergic chronic rhinitis were sampled by brushing,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess if two different forms of upper airway topical anaesthesia induce similar changes in airway flow resistance (Rrs). DESIGN Serial measurements of Rrs before and after topical anaesthesia with acqueous or paste lidocaine. SETTING Lung function test laboratory. PARTICIPANTS 9 normal men with documented normal lung function tests. (More)
To evaluate the prevalence of inherited respiratory ciliary structure and underlying mucus abnormalities in the diffuse bronchiectasis syndrome, we investigated 53 subjects comprising 38 patients with diffuse bronchiectasis confirmed by high-resolution thoracic computed tomography, ten with chronic bronchitis and no diffuse bronchiectasis and five healthy(More)