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In the current scientific literature, particular attention is dedicated to the study of the mitral valve and to comprehension of the mechanisms that lead to its normal function, as well as those that trigger possible pathological conditions. One of the adopted approaches consists of computational modelling, which allows quantitative analysis of the(More)
BACKGROUND Real-time 3D echocardiographic (RT3DE) data sets contain dynamic volumetric information on cardiac function. However, quantification of left ventricular (LV) function from 3D echocardiographic data is performed on cut-planes extracted from the 3D data sets and thus does not fully exploit the volumetric information. Accordingly, we developed a(More)
BACKGROUND Mitral and aortic valves are known to be coupled via fibrous tissue connecting the two annuli. Previous studies evaluating this coupling have been limited to experimental animals using invasive techniques. The new matrix array transesophageal transducer provides high-resolution real-time 3D images of both valves simultaneously. We sought to(More)
Temporal variations in menarcheal age in the Bologna province (northern Italy) were investigated in a sample of 2930 women born between 1930 and 1973, examined by retrospective method. A decrease in mean menarcheal age between birth decades 1930-39 and 1950-59 was noticed. The trend was more intense in lower social classes living in extra-urban(More)
Although the ability of multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) to detect perfusion abnormalities associated with acute and chronic myocardial infarction (MI) has been demonstrated, this methodology is based on visual interpretation of selected 2D slices. We sought to develop a new technique for quantitative volumetric analysis of myocardial perfusion(More)
Evaluation of aorta morphology and function in presence of aneurysms or dissection is crucial for a correct treatment choice between surgical resection and percutaneous stent-graft deployment. We developed and tested a new method for automated dynamic aorta segmentation from computed tomography (CT) images from which static and dynamic parameters of aortic(More)
Mitral regurgitation (MR) in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM-MR) and MR in ischemic cardiomyopathy (ISC-MR) usually occurs as a result of mitral annulus (MA) dilatation and papillary muscle displacement secondary to global left ventricle remodelling. We propose a method to determine MA area and motion throughout the cardiac cycle and to define papillary muscle(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical application of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) represents a potentially feasible alternative to third-party pre-certification for imaging procedures and will soon be required as part of the accreditation process for imaging laboratories. Electronic tools that rapidly apply the AUC are needed(More)
Crosses between male sterile L. corniculatus (2n=4x=24) and L. tenuis (2n=2x=12) plants were performed in order to verify the presence of 2n gametes in L. tenuis. All but one of the plants from these crosses had 2n=4x=24 and the L. corniculatus phenotype; this plant had 2n=2x=12 and the L. tenuis phenotype. The plants also showed good quantity of pollen at(More)
BACKGROUND The aortic valve and the mitral valve (MV) are coupled via fibrous tissue. Simultaneous dynamic analysis of the two valves' annuli has demonstrated that they have synchronous and reciprocal behavior. Accordingly, the aims of this study were to characterize mitral-aortic coupling (MAC) in three-dimensional space before and after MV repair and to(More)