The authors report the cases of two patients with CT-documented paramedian mesencephalo-thalamic infarcts, showing language disturbances. The first patient showed a non fluent, transcortical motor-like aphasia, the other had a fluent but severely paraphasic language disorder. The CT study disclosed that it was the dorso-median thalamic nucleus that was… (More)
We describe the case of a right-handed, 83 year-old woman with CT-documented left frontal subacute subdural hematoma showing reversible right-sided hemiparesis and aphasia. We discuss possible pathogenetic mechanism for this unusual condition and emphasize that the clinical evaluation cannot always distinguish ischemic causes for certain. Therefore CT-scan… (More)
We describe two patients in whom CT brain scans imaged paramedian thalamo-subthalamic infarcts in the territory of the thalamo-mesencephalic arteries. Such infarcts give rise to a complex syndrome marked by disturbances of consciousness and of eye movement and neuropsychological disorders, including attentional, memory and, more rarely, language deficits. A… (More)
We report a case of acute transient encephalopathy with confusion, drowsiness, myoclonic jerks, periodic triphasic sharp wave EEG patterns induced by low doses of baclofen. We discuss the pathogenesis and the differential diagnosis from the subacute spongiform encephalopathy of sudden onset.
The Authors describe the case of a 44 year-old man whose familial and personal histories were negative for muscular diseases. The patient complained slowly progressive wasting and weakness localized to the quadriceps muscles. The bioptic study of the gastrocnemius and the quadriceps showed dystrophic changes, confirming that muscular dystrophy closely… (More)
A retrospective analysis was carried out on 52 patients with CT-identified lacunar infarcts in order to identify possible risk factors. It was found that arterial hypertension, cardiac emboli and/or emboli from epiaortic vessels play a significant role in the genesis of lacunar infarcts. No preferential relationship was found between "small" lacunes and… (More)
We describe the case of a patient with a history of resistant asthma who presented with subacute neuropathy, hypereosiniphilia and central nervous system involvement; these findings were consistent with allergic granulomatous angiitis (Churg-Strauss syndrome). Although cutaneous biopsy prompted the diagnosis, the cases reported suggests that clinical,… (More)
Mucoceles originating in accessory paranasal sinuses with orbit involvement are quite rare. The authors describe two cases of mucoceles, revealed by CT-Scan, the first in the ethmoid-sphenoidal-maxillary sinuses and the other in the ethmoid-frontal sinuses respectively. In both cases Visual Evoked Potentials were most important for assessing optic nerve… (More)