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  • F Laguna
  • 2003
Although, in southern Europe, there has been considerable experience in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in HIV-positive patients, the optimal therapy has yet to be established. Pentavalent antimony salts, free amphotericin B deoxycholate (ABD) and lipidic formulations of amphotericin B are the drugs most commonly used. Treatment with(More)
Over 850 Leishmania-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection cases have been recorded, the majority in Europe, where 7 to 17% of HIV-positive individuals with fever have amastigotes, suggesting that Leishmania-infected individuals without symptoms will express symptoms of leishmaniasis if they become immunosuppressed. However, there are indirect(More)
We investigated a Leishmania-specific nested polymerase chain reaction (Ln-PCR) for the diagnosis and treatment monitoring of L. infantum infections in patients co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Peripheral blood and bone marrow samples from 89 HIV patients in Spain suspected of having leishmaniasis were examined by different diagnostic(More)
To determine the role that Leishmania infantum/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfected patients could play in the epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), we applied direct xenodiagnosis of VL in this study to test the infectivity of six coinfected patients to colonized Phlebotomus perniciosus. All patients proved to be infective for the sand(More)
The in-vitro susceptibilities of 40 clinical isolates of Candida albicans to ketoconazole and fluconazole were determined and an attempt was made to correlate these data with the clinical responses of the patients from whom the strains were originally isolated to treatment with these agents. Of 40 patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)(More)
To investigate some individual and genetic factors that may influence the response of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) to pravastatin treatment, we recruited 440 subjects with hypercholesterolemia (mean age, 57 years; 43% men) from 21 primary health care centers-outpatient clinics into a prospective, multicentered intervention trial. Pravastatin(More)
We report on the correlation of the outcomes for two cohorts of patients who had been treated for candidemia (126 episodes) or oropharyngeal candidiasis (110 episodes) with various doses of fluconazole and the MIC of fluconazole obtained by using the EUCAST standard for fermentative yeasts. Of 145 episodes caused by an isolate with a fluconazole MIC < or =2(More)
We used a multiplex nested-PCR assay for the simultaneous detection in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of five human herpesviruses (HVs) (cytomegalovirus [CMV], Epstein-Barr virus [EBV], varicella-zoster virus [VZV], herpes simplex virus [HSV], and human herpesvirus 6 [HHV-6]) in a clinical evaluation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with(More)
We describe five cases of gastrointestinal leishmaniasis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection and review 10 additional cases reported in the literature. All of the patients had CD4+ cell counts of < 200/mm3, and AIDS had been previously diagnosed for 12 patients. Fever and splenomegaly were present in 46% of cases. Thirteen patients had(More)