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Recently Chen and Aihara have demonstrated both experimentally and mathematically that their chaotic simulated annealing (CSA) has better search ability for solving combinatorial optimization problems compared to both the Hopfield-Tank approach and stochastic simulated annealing (SSA). However, CSA may not find a globally optimal solution no matter how(More)
The ultra- and microstructure of the female reproductive system of Matsucoccus matsumurae was studied using light microscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The results revealed that the female reproductive system of M. matsumurae is composed of a pair of ovaries, a common oviduct, a pair of lateral oviducts, a spermatheca and two pairs of(More)
The most characteristic change in psoriasis is markedly increased, persistent keratinocyte proliferation. The pathogenic mechanism underlying the hyperproliferation of keratinocytes in psoriasis is still not completely clarified. Cellular FLIP (cFLIP) is a close homologue of caspase 8 without the caspase activity that inhibits Fas signaling. The cFLIP(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a promising anti-cancer agent. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a polyphenolic constituent of green tea. In this study, inhibitory effect of combined use of EGCG and TRAIL on human melanoma A375 cells was examined and the possible mechanism investigated. The cells were divided into 4(More)
In this paper, the wax secretions and wax glands of Matsucoccus matsumurae (Kuwana) at different instars were investigated using light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The first and second instar nymphs were found to secrete wax filaments via the wax glands located in the atrium of the abdominal spiracles, which(More)
Mononuclear cell (MNC) infiltrate is one of the earliest pathological changes in systemic sclerosis (SSc) skin. However, little is known about the recruitment of these cells into skin lesions. Recently, the role of chemokines has been suggested in the pathogenesis of SSc. Here we studied the expressions and distributions of CC chemokine CCL20 and its(More)
The up‑regulation of cellular Fas‑associated death domain‑like interleukin‑1β‑converting enzyme (FLICE)‑like inhibitory protein (c‑FLIP) has been reported in various tumor types, and has been previously shown to be associated with the clinicopathological features of melanoma. To assess its potential role in cancer therapy, the present study evaluated the(More)
Financial risk pre-warning plays an important role in financial risk management. We aim to build an ideal financial risk warning system of SME according to the analysis of financial risks in small and medium enterprises (SMES). The present research firstly analyze the financial risks of SMEs, secondly propose the design of financial analysis pre-warning(More)