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Prohibitins comprise an evolutionarily conserved and ubiquitously expressed family of membrane proteins with poorly described functions. Large assemblies of PHB1 and PHB2 subunits are localized in the inner membrane of mitochondria, but various roles in other cellular compartments have also been proposed for both proteins. Here, we used conditional gene(More)
A new system for lineage ablation is based on transgenic expression of a diphtheria toxin receptor (DTR) in mouse cells and application of diphtheria toxin (DT). To streamline this approach, we generated Cre-inducible DTR transgenic mice (iDTR) in which Cre-mediated excision of a STOP cassette renders cells sensitive to DT. We tested the iDTR strain by(More)
Obesity-associated activation of inflammatory pathways represents a key step in the development of insulin resistance in peripheral organs, partially via activation of TLR4 signaling by fatty acids. Here, we demonstrate that palmitate acting in the central nervous system (CNS) inhibits leptin-induced anorexia and Stat3 activation. To determine the(More)
The contribution of altered post-transcriptional gene silencing to the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus so far remains elusive. Here, we demonstrate that expression of microRNA (miR)-143 and 145 is upregulated in the liver of genetic and dietary mouse models of obesity. Induced transgenic overexpression of miR-143, but not(More)
Resistance to Plasmodium chabaudi has been examined in different inbred mouse strains bearing identical H-2 haplotypes on different genetic backgrounds as well as in H-2-congenic mouse strains on B10 background. Resistance is expressed in terms of percent survival after a challenge with 10(6) P. chabaudi-infected erythrocytes. We can show that murine(More)
Erythrocytes infected with the malaria parasite Plasmodium chabaudi contain the neo-protein Pc90 in their plasma membrane. We investigate origin, membrane disposition, and intraerythrocytic traffic of this Pc90. Metabolic labeling of P.-infected erythrocytes, combined with cell fractionation as well as Western blot analysis and immunoprecipitation using a(More)
Plasma membranes of Plasmodium chabaudi-infected erythrocytes contain seven major neoproteins with apparent molecular masses of 154, 145, 90, 72, 67, 52, and 33 kDa, respectively. These neoproteins, with the exception of the two larger ones, can be metabolically labelled with [14C]isoleucine. The seven neoproteins are antigenic as revealed by Western(More)
Plasmodium chabaudi-susceptible NMRI and B10.A mice were vaccinated with host cell plasma membranes isolated from P. chabaudi-infected erythrocytes. Most of the mice were protected from the lethal consequences of challenge with the homologous parasite, although protection was unassociated with a reduction in the course or peak of parasitemia. Vaccination(More)
Coccidiosis with the protozoan parasite Eimeria as the infectious agent causes enormous economic losses, particularly in poultry farms. Here, we investigated the effects of garlic on the outcome of coccidiosis caused by Eimeria papillata in male Balb/c mice. The data showed that mice infected with E. papillata revealed an output of 3260 ± 680 oocysts per(More)
Effector CD4+ T cell subsets, whose differentiation is facilitated by distinct cytokine cues, amplify the corresponding type of inflammatory response. Regulatory T (Treg) cells integrate environmental cues to suppress particular types of inflammation. In this regard, STAT3, a transcription factor essential for T helper 17 (Th17) cell differentiation, is(More)