F. T. Kear

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The renal basolateral Na+/HCO 3 − cotransporter is the main system responsible for HCO 3 − transport from proximal tubule cells into the blood. The present study was aimed at purifying and functionally reconstituting the Na+/HCO 3 − cotransporter protein from rabbit renal cortex. Highly purified rabbit renal cortical basolateral membrane vesicles (hereafter(More)
Angiotensin II (AII) plays an important role in renal proximal tubular acidification via the costimulation of basolateral Na/HCO3 cotransporter (NBC) and apical Na/H exchanger (NHE) activities. These effects are mediated by specific G protein-coupled AII receptors, but their corresponding downstream effectors are incompletely defined. Src family tyrosine(More)
Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) fluorescently labels amino groups and has been useful in detecting conformational changes in transport proteins through quenching or enhancement of the fluorescence signal upon exposure of protein to substrates. Solubilized renal basolateral membrane proteins, enriched in Na+/HCO 3 − cotransporter activity, were(More)
The activity of the Na-H antiporter is inhibited by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A (cAMP.PKA). The inhibitory effect of PKA on the Na-H antiporter is mediated through a regulatory protein that can be dissociated from the antiporter by limited protein digestion. PKA also inhibits the activity of the Na+/ HCO 3 − cotransporter. We investigated whether(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is an important human intestinal foodborne pathogen associated with diarrhea, especially in infants and young children. Although EPEC produces characteristic attaching and effacing lesions and loss of microvilli, the pathophysiology of EPEC-associated diarrhea, particularly during early infection, remains elusive.(More)
The Na+/HCO3 − cotransporter is the main system that mediates bicarbonate removal out of the proximal tubule cell into the blood. We have previously partially purified this protein and showed that chemical modification of the α-amino groups by fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) inhibited the activity of the Na+/HCO3 − cotransporter. The inhibition was(More)
The green fluorescent protein of Aequorea victoria (GFP) is a natural peptide chromophore without substrate or cofactor requirements for fluorescence. In vitro, a recombinant F64L/S65T GFP mutant (GFPmut1) exhibited pH sensitive fluorescence within the physiologic range. When heterologously expressed in BS-C-1 cells or rabbit proximal tubule cells, uniform(More)
In the renal proximal tubule, the activities of the basolateral Na(+)/HCO(3)(-) cotransporter (NBC) and the apical Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE3) uniformly vary in parallel, suggesting that they are coordinately regulated. PKA-mediated inhibition of NHE3 is mediated by a PDZ motif-containing protein, the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHE-RF). Given(More)
The Na-H antiporter of renal-brush border membranes is inhibited by cyclic AMP and stimulated by protein kinase C. The proximal tubule contains guanylate cyclase and is capable of cyclic GMP production. The effect of cGMP on renal Na-H antiporter activity was analyzed in phosphorylated brush border membranes by 22Na uptake in the presence or absence of 1 mM(More)
We have previously partially purified the basolateral Na+/HCO− 3 cotransporter from rabbit renal cortex and this resulted in a 400-fold purification, and an SDS-PAGE analysis showed an enhancement of a protein band with a MW of approximately 56 kDa. We developed polyclonal antibodies against the Na+/HCO− 3 cotransporter by immunizing Dutch-belted rabbits(More)