F. Sutherland Jones

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The determination of animal form depends on the coordination of events that lead to the morphological patterning of cells. This epigenetic view of development suggests that embryonic structures arise as a consequence of environmental influences acting on the properties of cells, rather than an unfolding of a completely genetically specified and preexisting(More)
The cell adhesion molecule L1 mediates neurite outgrowth and fasciculation during embryogenesis and mutations in its gene have been linked to a number of human congenital syndromes. To identify DNA sequences that restrict expression of L1 to the nervous system, we isolated a previously unidentified segment of the mouse L1 gene containing the promoter, the(More)
The arousing and motor-activating effects of psychostimulants are mediated by multiple systems. In Drosophila, dopaminergic transmission is involved in mediating the arousing effects of methamphetamine, although the neuronal mechanisms of caffeine (CAFF)-induced wakefulness remain unexplored. Here, we show that in Drosophila, as in mammals, the(More)
Cytotactin, an extracellular glycoprotein found in neural and nonneural tissues, influences a variety of cellular phenomena, particularly cell adhesion and cell migration. Northern and Western blot analysis and in situ hybridization were used to determine localization of alternatively spliced forms of cytotactin in neural and nonneural tissues using a probe(More)
The neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM) mediates cell-cell interactions and is expressed in characteristic spatiotemporal patterns during development. In previous studies of factors that control N-CAM gene expression, we identified a binding site for the paired domain of Pax proteins (designated PBS) in the mouse N-CAM promoter. In this study, we(More)
Barx1 and Barx2 are homeodomain proteins originally identified using regulatory elements of genes encoding certain cell adhesion molecules (CAMs). In the present study, we characterize regions of Barx2 that bind to regulatory elements of genes encoding three CAMs, L1, neuron-glia CAM (Ng-CAM), and neural CAM (N-CAM), and identify domains of Barx2 that(More)
A combination of cDNA sequencing of the complete coding region, protein comparisons, binding site mapping, and electron microscopic imaging has permitted the formulation of a structural model of cytotactin. Cytotactin is a large extracellular matrix glycoprotein that displays a restricted tissue distribution during development. Although there appears to be(More)
Homeobox genes are regulators of place-dependent morphogenesis and play important roles in controlling the expression patterns of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs). To identify proteins that bind to a regulatory element common to the genes for two neural CAMs, Ng-CAM and L1, we screened a mouse cDNA expression library with a concatamer of the sequence(More)
Evidence is accumulating that molecules involved in cell-cell and cell-substratum interactions are important in the establishment and maintenance of borders between cell groups during development. In this report, we review evidence supporting this conclusion, particularly in regard to the role of adhesion molecules in the formation of cell collectives and(More)
Prx1 and Prx2 are homeobox transcription factors expressed during vasculogenesis. To begin to elucidate how Prx1 and Prx2 are regulated and function in the adult vasculature, in situ hybridization studies were performed. Prx1 and Prx2 mRNAs were not detected in normal adult rat pulmonary arteries; however, both genes were induced with vascular disease,(More)