F. Schwirzke

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The initial plasma formation on the surface of a cathode of a vacuum diode, vacuum arc, and many other discharges is highly non-uniform. Micron-sized cathode spots form within nanoseconds. Despite the fundamental importance of cathode spots for the breakdown process, their structure, and the source of the required high energy density were not well(More)
Breakdown and plasma formation on electrodes is a fundamental process in pulsed power technology. The initial “explosive” plasma formation on the surface of a cathode of a vacuum diode and many other discharge is highly non-uniform. Micron-sized cathode spots form within nanoseconds. The concept of explosive electron emission from a cathode(More)
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