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The viable counts of Salmonella typhimurium on nutrient agar (NA) decreased upon the addition of either the essential oil of thyme or its constituent thymol, especially under anaerobic conditions. Antagonistic effects of thymol against Staphylococcus aureus were also greater under anaerobic conditions. In contrast to the phenolic constituents of the oil,(More)
Pediococcus acidilactici SJ-1, isolated from a naturally-fermented meat product, produced an antibacterial agent active against selected strains of Lactobacillus spp., Clostridium perfringens and Listeria monocytogenes. The agent was bactericidal against sensitive indicators, and sensitive to proteolytic enzymes; it was identified as a bacteriocin, and was(More)
We have attempted to bypass the outer membrane (OM) barrier of Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium with pediocin SJ-1 (as compared with nisin) using chelating agents as OM permeabilizers. EDTA, and to less extent EGTA, enabled nisin, but not pediocin SJ-1, to permeate the cell OM of E. coli, to have access to the cytoplasmic membrane and to cause(More)
When used separately, 20 mmol l-1 maltol or 1600 AU ml-1 nisin resulted in a 0-0.6 log10 reduction in viable counts of Escherichia coli in a buffer system. However, when added in combination they yielded a 1.8-5.5-log-cycle reduction in viable counts of E. coli at pH 5.0 and 6.8 respectively. It is postulated that maltol (and ethyl maltol) destabilizes the(More)
4-Methyl catechol and catechol, at concentrations ranging from 0.03 to 9 mM and 0.066 to 20 mM, respectively, have a synergistic effect on the rate of DL-DOPA oxidation by mushroom tyrosinase to material absorbing at 475 nm. The synergism results from the ability of 4-methyl catechol-o-quinone (4-methyl-o-benzoquinone) and of catechol-o-quinone(More)
Dihydroxybenzoic acids (DBA), such as 3,4-DBA, 3,5-DBA, and 2,4-DBA--at all concentrations tested--inhibited the rate of DL-DOPA oxidation to dopachrome (lambda max = 475 nm) by mushroom tyro0sinase. 2,3-DBA and 2,5-DBA at relatively low concentration had a synergistic effect on the reaction, whereas at relatively high concentrations they inhibited the rate(More)
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