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Hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) is a remarkably stable facilitation of synaptic responses resulting from very brief trains of high-frequency stimulation. Because of its persistence and modest induction conditions, LTP represents a promising candidate for a substrate of memory. Some progress has been made in localizing the changes responsible for(More)
Ischemia-induced elevation of intracellular calcium triggers a cascade of events which is considered to play a major role in neuronal death. One candidate to participate in this process is the calcium-sensitive protease, calpain. This protease is activated by calcium, and is capable of degrading critical cytoskeletal and regulatory proteins. In order to(More)
Malformations of the human neocortex are commonly associated with developmental delays, mental retardation, and epilepsy. This study describes a novel neurologically mutant rat exhibiting a forebrain anomaly resembling the human neuronal migration disorder of double cortex. This mutant displays a telencephalic internal structural heterotopia (tish) that is(More)
Four experiments were conducted to characterize the role of primary and secondary olfactory projection areas (piriform cortex and dorsomedial thalamic nucleus (DMN] in olfactory information processing. Rats had to learn to discriminate between odors that were simultaneously released from different arms of an automated olfactory maze. When standard training(More)
The present experiments describe a long-lasting form of potentiation induced in field CA1 of rat hippocampal slices by bath application of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), in association with low magnesium concentrations, glycine and spermine. The potentiation effect consisted of a 50% increase in slope of field potentials and was stable for at least 80 min(More)
OBJECT The management of intractable epilepsy remains a challenge, despite advances in its surgical and nonsurgical treatment. The identification of low-risk, low-cost therapeutic strategies that lead to improved outcome is therefore an important ongoing goal of basic and clinical research. Single-dose focal ionizing beam radiation delivered at(More)
Injections of leupeptin (a thiol proteinase inhibitor) or chloroquine (a general lysosomal enzyme inhibitor) into the brains of young rats induced the formation of lysosome-associated granular aggregates (dense bodies) which closely resembled the ceroid-lipofuscin that accumulates in certain disease states and during aging. The dense material increased in a(More)
Three experiments assessed the effect of entorhinal cortex lesions on olfactory learning and memory using a successive-cue olfactory discrimination paradigm. In contrast to the results of other studies that used a simultaneous-cue paradigm, lesions of the entorhinal cortex facilitated rats' acquisition of individual odor discrimination problems, with no(More)