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Human faces are ecologically-salient stimuli. Face sex is particularly relevant for human interactions and face gender recognition is an extremely efficient cognitive process that is acquired early during childhood. To measure the minimum information required for correct gender classification, we have used a pixelation filter and reduced frontal pictures(More)
OBJECTIVE To better characterize the properties of chromatic VEPs to onset-offset of red-green and blue-yellow equiluminant patterns, and establish normative values for a set of stimuli able to elicit robust and reliable responses, suitable for the clinical application. METHODS Chromatic VEPs have been recorded (Oz lead) from 28 normal subjects (age range(More)
Motor Unit Number Estimation (MUNE), a technique allowing to estimate the number of functioning Motor Units (MU) in single muscles, was used to score the disease's severity and progression rate in a group of 58 patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). All patients underwent MUNE in the abductor digiti minimi (ADM) muscle during the diagnostic(More)
Angelman syndrome (AS) results from lack of genetic contribution from maternal chromosome 15q11-13. This region encompasses three GABAA receptor subunit genes (beta3, alpha5, and gamma3). The characteristic phenotype of AS is severe mental retardation, ataxic gait, tremulousness, and jerky movements. We studied the movement disorder in 11 AS patients, aged(More)
Vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs), elicited by acoustic stimulation, have been proposed in the assessment of the vestibulo-cervical reflex pathways. The procedure has been previously validated in several otovestibular disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate patients affected by multiple sclerosis (MS) in the attempt to clarify the(More)
Idiopathic Parkinson’s disease (IPD) patients have abnormal visual evoked potentials (VEPs) and pattern electroretinograms (PERGs), attributed to dopaminergic transmission deficiency in visual pathway, probably the retina. VEP abnormalities are not reported in multiple system atrophy (MSA). The aim of this study was to investigate and compare chromatic (Ch)(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether neurophysiologic findings correlate to clinical respiratory signs or spirometric abnormalities in patients with hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type 1 (Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease). DESIGN A total of 11 patients with hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type 1A, genetically identified, (age range, 10-58 yr) were(More)
The aim of our study was to evaluate Motor Evoked Potentials (MEPs) and cortical excitability, using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) as well as short latency Somatosensory Evoked Potentials (SEPs) in Autosomal Dominant Hereditary Spastic Paraparesis (ADHSP) patients. MEPs were recorded from upper and lower limb muscles in 12 patients (7 m and 5f)(More)
The threshold and direction of excitability changes induced by low- and high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the primary motor cortex can be effectively reverted by a preceding session of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a phenomenon referred to as “metaplasticity”. Here, we used a combined tDCS–rTMS protocol(More)
It is well known that some epileptic patients does not respond to conventional treatments, despite multiple combination of antiepileptic drugs, and they are therefore considered drug-resistant. For these patients, vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) represents a successful alternative to traditional therapy, and it is generally well tolerated; beside benefits on(More)