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The pathogenic variability of Aphanomyces euteiches on pea was investigated using a collection of 88 pea-infecting isolates from France and 21 isolates from Denmark, Sweden, Norway, USA, Canada and New Zealand. Aggressiveness and virulence were assessed by scoring the root symptoms on a differential set of six pea genotypes. Eleven virulence types were(More)
This study investigated the relationships between pathogenesis, types of symptoms and in vitro production of cell-wall degrading enzymes by P. violae, P. sulcatum and P. ultimum. The three pathogens, considered as the three Pythium species principally responsible for cavity spot on carrot roots, secreted only low levels of fatty acid esterases activity,(More)
Common root rot (Aphanomyces euteiches Drechs.) has become a very destructive disease in the French pea crops since 1993. For an accurate investigation of the virulence variability among French A. euteiches populations and between French and foreign populations, a new set of differential pea genotypes was developed. Thirty-three American and European pea(More)
The main objective of the study was to describe the horizontal and vertical distribution of Aphanomyces root rot in a naturally infested pea field. Measurements of inoculum potential clearly indicated a horizontal distribution of inoculum among several foci in the field, these foci differing in size and disease intensity. A highly significant relationship(More)
Comparing q-ary relations on a set O of elementary objects is one of the most fundamental problems of classiication and combinatorial data analysis. In this paper the speciic comparison task that involves classiication tree structures (binary or not) is considered in this context. Two mathematical representations are proposed. One is deened in terms of a(More)
Two carrot genotypes, cultivar Nanco and line 24, susceptible and partially- resistant respectively to cavity spot, were compared ultrastructurally and cytochemically 24 h, 48 h and 72 h after root inoculation with a virulent Pythium violae isolate. The extent of pathogen ingress and the response of the host differed markedly with the two genotypes. In cv(More)
The binding of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) to a specific receptor induces the release of Ca2+ from an intracellular store. In the liver, the KD of a low affinity state of the receptor (RL) found at low Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]) is in close agreement with the EC50 of the InsP3-induced Ca2+ release. We have developed an experimental procedure for(More)
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