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Many eggs undergo reorganizations that localize determinants specifying the developmental axes and the differentiation of various cell types. In ascidians, fertilization triggers spectacular reorganizations that result in the formation and localization of distinct cytoplasmic domains that are inherited by early blastomeres that develop autonomously. By(More)
Ascidians eggs are spawned with their cytoskeleton and organelles organized along a preexisting animal-vegetal axis. Fertilization triggers a spectacular microfilament-dependant cortical contraction that causes the relocalization of preexisting cytoplasmic domains and the creation of new domains in the lower part of the vegetal hemisphere. We have(More)
Eggs from several protostomes (molluscs, annelids, nemerteans, etc.) and two deuterostomes (mammals and ascidians) display repetitive calcium signals. Oscillations in the level of intracellular calcium concentration are occasionally triggered by maturing hormones (as in some molluscs) and mostly observed after fertilization which occurs at different stages(More)
Leech and ascidian embryos are well suited for the study of certain developmental processes. Although leeches and ascidians belong to different bilateralia groups (protostomes and deuterostomes, respectively) they share important developmental features and, in particular, the determinate character of their embryogenesis. In both types of embryos this(More)
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