Learn More
Muscimol was chronically administrated to the third ventricle of thalamic pigeons by means of osmotic minipumps at the rate of 0.25 microgram X h-1 for 28 days. No abnormal behavioural sign was noted. The animals were subjected daily to chronic intermittent stress for the same 28-day period. Basal and stress-induced adrenocortical activities were evaluated(More)
The functioning of the hypothalamic pituitary-adrenocortical system was tested in young pigeons before and after hatching, by radiocompetitive assay of plasma corticosterone (B) at rest and under stress. 1 degree B was expressed in ng/ml. Resting adult values (8-10) could not be observed before the birds were 6 week-old. B levels were very low 36 h before(More)
Hemispherectomized pigeons were exposed daily to electrical footshocks delivered for 15 sec, at the same hour, for 8 weeks. Serial blood samples were obtained through a chronic vascular catheter. The adrenocortical response to chronic intermittent stress was measured kinetically at one week intervals. The initial response including several successive peaks(More)
It can be assumed from previous data that the stress-induced polyphasic adrenocortical response involves two phenomenons. First, direct hypothalamic afferents stimulate the adrenocorticotropic axis resulting in a rapid increase in plasma corticosterone levels up to a maximum of about 40 ng . ml-1 at 15 min. Then, a thalamic-hypothalamic loop generates the(More)
Exposure of control quail to low ambient temperature (4 degrees) for a short duration (15 min) led to a rapid increase in plasma thyroxine (T4) levels. A peak appeared 40 min after the cold began and was followed by a progressive and slow decline. T4 levels were elevated in birds maintained for up to 3 hr at 4 degrees. Restraint stress could be accompanied(More)
Kinetic evaluation of the adrenocortical activation induced after hypothalamic stimulation was obtained by determining plasma corticosterone levels (protein binding assay) at 2, then 5 and 10 min intervals for 100 min. Chronic catheterization and an electronic miniature device for hypothalamic telestimulation allowed for avoiding any environmental(More)
Plasma thyroxine and corticosterone levels were determined by competitive protein binding assay, at 3 hr intervals, throughout the photoperiod. Pigeons were kept in controlled environment (21 +/- 1 degree C; 14L6-20: 10D). Intact controls exhibited low thyroxine (T4) and corticosterone (B) levels for the light phase of the photoperiod. Values were rising(More)
Plasma levels of both adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone (B) were determined in embryos (day 15 of incubation), chicks (day 3 after hatch) and young chickens (8 weeks). Experimental animals were bursectomized at 80 hr of incubation, i.e., before any anlage of the bursa of Fabricius could develop. Bursectomized (BFX) animals were compared(More)
Thalamic and intact pigeons were equipped with a chronic arterial catheter and with a miniature electronic device for hypothalamic telestimulation. Chronic catheterization allowed for repetitive blood sampling in freely moving birds subjected to either systemic (ether inhalation) or neurogenic (electrical foot shocks) stress and to electrical stimulation of(More)