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Hemispherectomized pigeons were exposed daily to electrical footshocks delivered for 15 sec, at the same hour, for 8 weeks. Serial blood samples were obtained through a chronic vascular catheter. The adrenocortical response to chronic intermittent stress was measured kinetically at one week intervals. The initial response including several successive peaks(More)
The functioning of the hypothalamic pituitary-adrenocortical system was tested in young pigeons before and after hatching, by radiocompetitive assay of plasma corticosterone (B) at rest and under stress. 1 degree B was expressed in ng/ml. Resting adult values (8-10) could not be observed before the birds were 6 week-old. B levels were very low 36 h before(More)
Muscimol was chronically administrated to the third ventricle of thalamic pigeons by means of osmotic minipumps at the rate of 0.25 microgram X h-1 for 28 days. No abnormal behavioural sign was noted. The animals were subjected daily to chronic intermittent stress for the same 28-day period. Basal and stress-induced adrenocortical activities were evaluated(More)
The corticotropic response to stress was studied by means of multiple unit activity (MUA) recording from the adrenocorticotropic region of the hypothalamus, and plasma corticosterone (B) determination. MUA was permanently obtained and B was measured at 2, then 5 and 10 min intervals before and after neurogenic (electrical shocks) or systemic (ether(More)
Functional development of the adrenocorticotropic axis was inferred from plasma ACTH and corticosterone levels in intact and embryonically bursectomized (BFX) embryos and chicks from 8 days before to 56 days after hatch. Bursectomy was surgically made at 80 h of incubation and resulted in various alterations in developing adrenocorticotropic axis: ether(More)
Exposure of control quail to low ambient temperature (4 degrees) for a short duration (15 min) led to a rapid increase in plasma thyroxine (T4) levels. A peak appeared 40 min after the cold began and was followed by a progressive and slow decline. T4 levels were elevated in birds maintained for up to 3 hr at 4 degrees. Restraint stress could be accompanied(More)
Plasma corticosterone levels were determined by protein-binding assay at 2- and 5-min intervals after systemic or neurogenic stress. The same corticosterone (B) profile was observed after hemispherectomy as in intact pigeons, exhibiting episodic increase including several successive peaks after stress application. Hypothalamic stimulation of ACTH injection(More)
Thalamic and intact pigeons were equipped with a chronic arterial catheter and with a miniature electronic device for hypothalamic telestimulation. Chronic catheterization allowed for repetitive blood sampling in freely moving birds subjected to either systemic (ether inhalation) or neurogenic (electrical foot shocks) stress and to electrical stimulation of(More)
Early embryonic bursectomy (BFX) disturbed the adrenocortical functioning. The stress-unresponsive period that occurred in controls, and lasted for 2-3 weeks after hatching, no longer appeared in BFX chicks. In contrast, the magnitude of the stress-induced hypercorticosteronemia was much lower in BFX than in sham-operated 5 week-old chicken. It was assumed(More)