F. R. Salemme

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The high affinity of the noncovalent interaction between biotin and streptavidin forms the basis for many diagnostic assays that require the formation of an irreversible and specific linkage between biological macromolecules. Comparison of the refined crystal structures of apo and a streptavidin:biotin complex shows that the high affinity results from(More)
More general and universally applicable drug discovery assay technologies are needed in order to keep pace with the recent advances in combinatorial chemistry and genomics-based target generation. Ligand-induced conformational stabilization of proteins is a well-understood phenomenon in which substrates, inhibitors, cofactors, and even other proteins(More)
An hypothetical structural complex of cytochromes c and bs which optimizes intermolecular complementary charge and steric interactions was generated by a least-squares fitting process. The interactions formed in this complex constrain the two heme prosthetic groups to be nearly coplanar at a closest approach distance for resonant heterocyclic porphyrin ring(More)
A repetitive polypentapeptide organized as a connected chain of beta-bends is believed to be an important structural element of elastin, the major elastomer in biological systems. Molecular dynamics simulations were carried out on hydrated polymers of (Val-Pro-Gly-Val- Gly)18 at various extensions. Analysis of the fluctuations of backbone angles in relaxed(More)
ThermoFluor (a miniaturized high-throughput protein stability assay) was used to analyze the linkage between protein thermal stability and ligand binding. Equilibrium binding ligands increase protein thermal stability by an amount proportional to the concentration and affinity of the ligand. Binding constants (K(b)) were measured by examining the systematic(More)
A simple dipole model is developed for estimation of the electrostatic interaction energy between alpha-helices in proteins. This model is used to estimate the electrostatic stabilization in a recurrent protein tertiary structural motif, an array of four closely packed alpha-helices. It is found that, for the proteins examined (cytochrome c', hemerythrin,(More)
Recent studies report the application of isothermal titration calorimetry and differential scanning calorimetry to the study of protein-ligand interactions, allosteric cooperativity and aspects of protein folding. New methods of data analysis compare alternative methods for determining ligand binding enthalpy and analyze potential sources of error in the(More)
The structure of ferricytochrome cz from the non-sulfur purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodospirillum rubrum has been determined at 2 A resolution by x-ray crystallographic methods. The 112-residue polypeptide chain encloses a single covalently bound heme in a predominantly hydrophobic environment, leaving only one edge exposed to the solvent at the front(More)
A program (PROBIT) has been developed that allows the reconstruction of a complete set of three-dimensional protein coordinates from alpha-carbon coordinates. The program generates a statistical measure of polypeptide conformational behavior for substructures in a defined structural context from a library of highly refined protein structures. These(More)