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The high affinity of the noncovalent interaction between biotin and streptavidin forms the basis for many diagnostic assays that require the formation of an irreversible and specific linkage between biological macromolecules. Comparison of the refined crystal structures of apo and a streptavidin:biotin complex shows that the high affinity results from(More)
A repetitive polypentapeptide organized as a connected chain of beta-bends is believed to be an important structural element of elastin, the major elastomer in biological systems. Molecular dynamics simulations were carried out on hydrated polymers of (Val-Pro-Gly-Val- Gly)18 at various extensions. Analysis of the fluctuations of backbone angles in relaxed(More)
More general and universally applicable drug discovery assay technologies are needed in order to keep pace with the recent advances in combinatorial chemistry and genomics-based target generation. Ligand-induced conformational stabilization of proteins is a well-understood phenomenon in which substrates, inhibitors, cofactors, and even other proteins(More)
A simple dipole model is developed for estimation of the electrostatic interaction energy between alpha-helices in proteins. This model is used to estimate the electrostatic stabilization in a recurrent protein tertiary structural motif, an array of four closely packed alpha-helices. It is found that, for the proteins examined (cytochrome c', hemerythrin,(More)
The structure of ferricytochrome c' from Rhodospirillum molischianum has been crystallographically refined to 1.67 A resolution using a combination of reciprocal space and restrained least-squares refinement methods. The final crystallographic R-factor for 30,533 reflections measured with I greater than sigma (I) between infinity and 1.67 A is 0.188. The(More)
Cytochrome c555 is an 86-residue type c cytochrome derived from Chlorobium thiosulfatophilum, an obligately anaerobic green sulfur bacterium which is among the most primitive of living organisms. Here is presented a preliminary structural description of the cytochrome c555 molecule based on its crystallographic structure determination at 2.7-A resolution by(More)
The structure of the retroviral proteinase from avian myeloblastosis associated virus (MAV) has been determined and refined at 2.2 A resolution. This structure is compared with those of homologous proteinases from Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) and human immunodeficiency type 1 virus (HIV). Through comparison with the structure of a proteinase-inhibitor complex(More)