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The high affinity of the noncovalent interaction between biotin and streptavidin forms the basis for many diagnostic assays that require the formation of an irreversible and specific linkage between biological macromolecules. Comparison of the refined crystal structures of apo and a streptavidin:biotin complex shows that the high affinity results from(More)
More general and universally applicable drug discovery assay technologies are needed in order to keep pace with the recent advances in combinatorial chemistry and genomics-based target generation. Ligand-induced conformational stabilization of proteins is a well-understood phenomenon in which substrates, inhibitors, cofactors, and even other proteins(More)
The structure of ferricytochrome c' from Rhodospirillum molischianum has been crystallographically refined to 1.67 A resolution using a combination of reciprocal space and restrained least-squares refinement methods. The final crystallographic R-factor for 30,533 reflections measured with I greater than sigma (I) between infinity and 1.67 A is 0.188. The(More)
The structure of the retroviral proteinase from avian myeloblastosis associated virus (MAV) has been determined and refined at 2.2 A resolution. This structure is compared with those of homologous proteinases from Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) and human immunodeficiency type 1 virus (HIV). Through comparison with the structure of a proteinase-inhibitor complex(More)
Cytochrome c555 is an 86-residue type c cytochrome derived from Chlorobium thiosulfatophilum, an obligately anaerobic green sulfur bacterium which is among the most primitive of living organisms. Here is presented a preliminary structural description of the cytochrome c555 molecule based on its crystallographic structure determination at 2.7-A resolution by(More)
Electron transfer reactions between Clostridum pasteurianum flavodoxin semiquinone and various oxidants [horse heart cytochrome c, ferricyanide, and ferric ethylenediaminetetraacetic [horse heart cytochrome c, ferricyanide, and ferric ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)] have been studied as a function of ionic strength by using stopped-flow(More)
Various studies have shown that reaction rates between reversibly binding electron transfer proteins depend strongly on solution ionic strength. These observations suggest that intermolecular electrostatic interactions are important in facilitating the formation of a productive reaction complex. A recently examined system involves the reduction of(More)
ThermoFluor (a miniaturized high-throughput protein stability assay) was used to analyze the linkage between protein thermal stability and ligand binding. Equilibrium binding ligands increase protein thermal stability by an amount proportional to the concentration and affinity of the ligand. Binding constants (K(b)) were measured by examining the systematic(More)