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Levels of iron, copper, zinc and manganese were measured by inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy in frozen postmortem brain tissue from patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), multiple system atrophy with strionigral degeneration (MSA), and Huntington's disease (HD) compared with control subjects. Total iron levels(More)
Levels of iron, copper, zinc, manganese, and lead were measured by inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy in parkinsonian and age-matched control brain tissue. There was 31-35% increase in the total iron content of the parkinsonian substantia nigra when compared to control tissue. In contrast, in the globus pallidus total iron levels were decreased by 29%(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels (an index of the amount of substrate available for lipid peroxidation) were measured in several brain regions from patients who died with Parkinson's disease and age-matched control human postmortem brains. PUFA levels were reduced in parkinsonian substantia nigra compared to other brain regions and to control(More)
Ferritin levels were measured in postmortem brain tissue from patients dying with Parkinson's disease [treated with L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA)] and from control patients. Ferritin levels were decreased in the substantia nigra, caudate-putamen, globus pallidus, cerebral cortex, and cerebellum when compared with age-matched control tissues.(More)
Brain tissue from normal individuals with incidental Lewy bodies and cell loss in pigmented substantia nigra neurons (asymptomatic Parkinson's disease) and age-matched control subjects without nigral Lewy bodies was examined biochemically. There was no difference in dopamine levels or dopamine turnover in the caudate and putamen of individuals with(More)
The total activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and cytosolic and particulate activity of SOD in human substantia nigra and cerebellum were measured by a spectrophotometric method based on the ability of SOD to inhibit the autoxidation of adrenaline. The cytosolic and particulate isoenzymes of SOD were differentiated by the inclusion of potassium cyanide(More)
Muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic receptors and choline acetyltransferase activity were studied in postmortem brain tissue from patients with histopathologically confirmed Parkinson's disease and matched control subjects. Using washed membrane homogenates from the frontal cortex, hippocampus, caudate nucleus, and putamen, saturation analysis of specific(More)
alpha-Tocopherol (vitamin E) levels in normal brain were lower in the cerebellum than in the cerebral cortex or basal ganglia. There was no difference in alpha-tocopherol levels in the cerebellum, basal ganglia, or cerebral cortex between control subjects and patients with Parkinson's disease.