F R Kuntschen

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Since hypothermia is commonly used to lower local and general metabolism during cardiopulmonary bypass, we attempted to identify its specific effects on glucose-insulin interactions. A group of nondiabetic patients undergoing hypothermic (28 degrees C) cardiopulmonary bypass with ischemic (cold) cardiac arrest was compared to a similar group operated on(More)
Sensitivity to insulin in vivo was studied in six Type 1 diabetic patients without residual insulin secretion and without clinical insulin resistance, and in eight non-diabetic subjects, using the euglycaemic insulin clamp technique. Insulin was infused for four periods of 2 h sequentially at 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 5.0 mU · kg-1 · min-1; for each insulin(More)
In vivo sensitivity to insulin was assessed by the euglycaemic insulin clamp technique in 5 type I diabetic subjects without residual insulin secretion and in 5 non-diabetic control subjects. Insulin was infused at increasing rates of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 5.0 mU/kg/min in 4 periods of 2 hours. The diabetic subjects were resistant to insulin during the 1st and(More)
Anesthesia, surgical trauma, heparinization, priming volume composition, and temperature control of the heart-lung machine individually affect carbohydrate, protein, or lipid metabolism during cardiac operations. The impact of some of these factors on glucose and insulin regulation was assessed before, during, and after normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass(More)