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Cigarettes containing cocaine paste were administered to experiences volunteer smokers in Peru, and plasma concentrations of cocaine were measured. Cocaine concentrations as high as 462 ng/ml were obtained after only three minutes of smoking cocaine paste. Subjects titrated their rate of consumption so as to achieve remarkably constant plasma concentrations(More)
The gene for spinocerebellar ataxia 7 (SCA7) includes a transcribed, translated CAG tract that is expanded in SCA7 patients. We have determined expansions in 73 individuals from 17 SCA7 kindreds and compared them with repeat lengths of 180 unaffected individuals. Subjects with abnormal expansions comprise 59 clinically affected individuals and 14 at-risk(More)
Coca paste is an intermediary product in the chemical extraction of cocaine from coca leaves. Abusers smoke coca paste in a dried form, which contains from 40 to 91 per cent cocaine. Over the past 10 years, this pattern of drug abuse has attained epidemic proportions in some Latin American countries, particularly in Bolivia, Colombia and Peru. Addiction to(More)
Cocaine base or white coca paste was smoked heavily by 188 patients who came to four hospitals of Lima, Peru. The length of hospitalization varied from two days to six months. All patients were admitted because coca paste smoking had become a serious problem for their health or for social adjustment. Coca paste was smoked mixed with tobacco or marihuana.(More)
INTRODUCTION Recently the clinical and genetic investigation of cerebellar diseases has experienced an extraordinary advance due to localization of the disorders in different chromosomal loci. This type of investigation has been done in Peru in the last decade, studying a Peruvian family from the Huarochiri province. PATIENTS AND METHODS A Peruvian family(More)