F R Boismare

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The effects of some derivatives of homotaurine (3 APS), the well known GABA agonist, were tested on the voluntary intake of ethanol by rats. Spontaneously ethanol drinking rats (DR) were selected and had a constant voluntary intake of ethanol by rats. Spontaneously ethanol drinking rats (DR) were selected and had a constant voluntary intake of a 12% ethanol(More)
Five hundred and sixty-nine alcoholics were included in a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized multicenter study of the effects of Acamprosate (calcium acetylhomotaurinate (CA), 1.3 g/day) on indicators of alcoholic relapse after withdrawal. One hundred and eighty-one patients in the CA group versus 175 in the placebo group completed the three-month(More)
The kinetics of 3H serotonin platelet uptake were studied in alcoholics and former alcoholics to see whether differences found between alcohol-preferring and non-preferring rats could be reproduced in man. Three groups of patients were studied: 10 dependent alcoholics on admission for treatment; 10 dependent alcoholics after 20 days of treatment; 8 former(More)
Adult male Long Evans were selected as ethanol preferring rats (DR) during 28 days. After this period, they were daily IP injected during 14 days with one of the next drugs: diazepam 1 mg.kg-1, alprazolam 1 mg.kg-1 (benzodiazepines), progabide 25 mg. kg-1 (GABA A and B agonist), nipecotic acid 150 mg.kg-1 (GABA uptake inhibitor), muscimol 0.2 mg.kg-1 (GABA(More)
It has been shown that calcium acetylhomotaurinate (Ca AOTA; Meram Patent, France) decreased voluntary ethanol intake in rats (1); this was antagonized by bicuculline. Homotaurine did not have this effect. We thought this was due to a different blood-brain barrier crossing ability for the two drugs. The present study was, therefore, planned to confirm(More)
The depression of evoked cortical potentials caused by brief periods of cerebral ischemia is attenuated by prior intracarotid injection of cytidoline (2, 4 or 8 mg/kg). Studies performed in hypercapnic cats suggest that the protection afforded by cytidoline is of metabolic rather than hemodynamic origin. The participation of the central dopaminergic(More)
A unilateral administration of 6-hydroxydopamine into the nigrostriatal system of the rat was responsible for ipsiversive circling behaviour in response to administration and, in time, of contraversive circling behaviour in response to L-DOPA and apomorphine. This contraversive circling behaviour appears to be mediated by the development, on the lesioned(More)