F. Pontiggia

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The possibility of accurately describing the internal dynamics of proteins, in terms of movements of a few approximately-rigid subparts, is an appealing biophysical problem with important implications for the analysis and interpretation of data from experiments or numerical simulations. The problem is tackled here by means of a novel variational approach(More)
We elucidate the molecular mechanisms of two distinct activation strategies (autophosphorylation and TPX2-mediated activation) in human Aurora A kinase. Classic allosteric activation is in play where either activation loop phosphorylation or TPX2 binding to a conserved hydrophobic groove shifts the equilibrium far towards the active conformation. We resolve(More)
The near-native free-energy landscape of protein G is investigated through 0.4-micros-long atomistic molecular dynamics simulations in an explicit solvent. A theoretical and computational framework is used to assess the time dependence of salient thermodynamical features. While the quasiharmonic character of the free energy is found to degrade in a few ns,(More)
The ALADYN web server aligns pairs of protein structures by comparing their internal dynamics and detecting regions that sustain similar large-scale movements. The latter often accompany functional conformational changes in proteins and enzymes. The ALADYN dynamics-based alignment can therefore highlight functionally-oriented correspondences that could be(More)
SUMMARY The PiSQRD web resource can be used to subdivide protein structures in quasi-rigid dynamical domains. The latter are groups of amino acids behaving as approximately rigid units in the course of protein equilibrium fluctuations. The PiSQRD server takes as input a biomolecular structure and the desired fraction of protein internal fluctuations that(More)
Kinases perform phosphoryl-transfer reactions in milliseconds; without enzymes, these reactions would take about 8,000 years under physiological conditions. Despite extensive studies, a comprehensive understanding of kinase energy landscapes, including both chemical and conformational steps, is lacking. Here we scrutinize the microscopic steps in the(More)
The interconversion between inactive and active protein states, traditionally described by two static structures, is at the heart of signalling. However, how folded states interconvert is largely unknown due to the inability to experimentally observe transition pathways. Here we explore the free energy landscape of the bacterial response regulator NtrC by(More)
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