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Characteristics and outcomes of recent portal or mesenteric venous thrombosis are ill-known. We intended to compare these features with those of patients with portal cavernoma, and also to assess the incidence of recanalization of recent thrombosis on anticoagulation therapy. All patients seen between 1983 and 1999 were enrolled into this retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The outcome of portal vein thrombosis in relation to associated prothrombotic states has not been evaluated. We assessed current outcome and predictors of bleeding and thrombotic events in a cohort of 136 adults with nonmalignant, noncirrhotic portal vein thrombosis, of whom 84 received anticoagulant therapy. METHODS Multivariate Cox(More)
A possible hepatotoxicity of cigarette smoke has been recently suggested by epidemiological and experimental studies. Our aim was to study the possible relationships between smoking and liver fibrosis and activity in patients with chronic hepatitis C. A cross-sectional study was performed in a group of 310 patients with chronic hepatitis C consecutively(More)
BACKGROUND The risk of pancreatic cancer in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) is difficult to assess. Previous studies, mostly case control studies or studies relying on data case registers, reported relative risks varying from 2.3 to 18.5. METHODS We studied a prospective, single centre, medical-surgical cohort of 373 consecutive patients (322(More)
The role of alcohol intake in the occurrence of severe liver disease in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) carriers is still debated. A cross-sectional study has been conducted in 233 chronic hepatitis C virus carriers. Weekly self-reported alcohol consumption (SRAC) was evaluated, serum HCV RNA levels were measured by a branched DNA technique (Quantiplex 2.0)(More)
Outpatients followed in an alcoholic clinic and who fulfilled DSM-III-R criteria for alcohol dependence and had used both tobacco (at least one cigarette every day) and alcohol in the preceding week were studied. For each patient, two experimenters assessed: (1) the amount of tobacco and alcohol used; (2) the severity of dependence for each product. Results(More)
AIM To evaluate 5-year survival predictive factors in hospitalised patients with excessive alcohol intake and cirrhosis, including in a multivariate analysis the severity of the liver disease, gastrointestinal bleeding, concomitant viral B or C infection, smoking status, presence of alcoholic hepatitis at inclusion and abstinence from alcohol during(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In patients with cirrhosis, decreased renal water excretion is a common complication. Niravoline (RU51599), a kappa-opioid receptor agonist, has been shown to induce an aquaretic response. The aim of this study was to evaluate the aquaretic effect and tolerance of niravoline in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS Biochemical tests and(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with cirrhosis and tense ascites treated by paracentesis alone have a decrease in effective arterial blood volume after ascites removal. Although intravenous albumin is effective in preventing paracentesis induced decreased arterial blood volume, its clinical use is controversial. As paracentesis induces arteriolar vasodilation which(More)
OBJECTIVE In patients with cirrhosis, the relationships between haemodynamic alterations and the development of ascites or the occurrence of refractory ascites are unknown. The aim of the present study was to compare haemodynamic measurements obtained in patients with non-refractory ascites to haemodynamic measurements obtained in patients without ascites(More)