F. P. Lemaigre

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1. Morphogenesis of the biliary tract The production of bile is an essential function of the liver. It contains cholesterol, bile acids, pigments and electrolytes, and their concentration is modified when the bile transits through the biliary tract. The bile is produced by the hepa-tocytes and is secreted into the bile canaliculi. These cana-liculi are(More)
Somatosensory information from the face is transmitted to the brain by trigeminal sensory neurons. It was previously unknown whether neurons innervating distinct areas of the face possess molecular differences. We have identified a set of genes differentially expressed along the dorsoventral axis of the embryonic mouse trigeminal ganglion and thus can be(More)
Transcription of the human growth hormone (hGH) gene and its regulation are controlled by trans-acting factors that bind to hGH gene promoter sequences. Several DNase I footprints have been described within 500 bp of this promoter, one of which (-289 to -267) has not yet been ascribed to a defined factor. By DNase I footprinting, gel mobility shift, and(More)
Amines, including those present on proteins, spontaneously react with glucose to form fructosamines in a reaction known as glycation. In the present paper, we have explored, through a targeted gene inactivation approach, the role of FN3K (fructosamine 3-kinase), an intracellular enzyme that phosphorylates free and protein-bound fructose-epsilon-lysines and(More)
Repression of viral expression is a major strategy developed by retroviruses to escape from the host immune response. The absence of viral proteins (or derived peptides) at the surface of an infected cell does not permit the establishment of an efficient immune attack. Such a strategy appears to have been adopted by animal oncoviruses such as bovine(More)
Growth hormone (GH) controls gene expression in liver. Recent work suggests that this can result in part from the stimulation by GH of the synthesis of liver-specific transcription factors, one of which is HNF-6. The liver-specific factors HNF-4 and C/EBP alpha respectively stimulate and inhibit transcription of the hnf 6 gene. Upon GH stimulation, the(More)
BACKGROUND The exocrine pancreas is composed of a branched network of ducts connected to acini. They are lined by a monolayered epithelium that derives from the endoderm and is surrounded by mesoderm-derived mesenchyme. The morphogenic mechanisms by which the ductal network is established as well as the signaling pathways involved in this process are poorly(More)
The glucocorticoid hormone receptor binds to regulatory elements of target genes and activates transcription through interactions with coactivators. For a subset of genes, glucocorticoid receptor activity is inhibited by insulin. The present paper analyzes recent data on the molecular mechanisms whereby insulin exerts this antiglucocorticoid effect. Two(More)
The differentiation status of tumor cells, defined by histomorphological criteria, is a prognostic factor for survival of patients affected with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). To strengthen the value of morphological differentiation criteria, we wished to correlate histopathological differentiation grade with expression of molecular biliary(More)
Biliary cysts in adult patients affected by polycystic liver disease are lined by cholangiocytes that proliferate, suggesting that initiation of cyst formation depends on proliferation. Here, we challenge this view by analyzing cyst-lining cell proliferation and differentiation in Cpk mouse embryos and in livers from human fetuses affected by Autosomal(More)