F. P. Fischer

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Uraemic pruritus is a frequent and disabling symptom in patients on dialysis. The pathogenesis of uraemic pruritus is nevertheless still obscure. We investigated whether di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), the most commonly used plasticizer in polyvinylchloride (PVC) haemodialysis tubings, is a possible pathogenetic factor in uraemic pruritus. Serum(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the influence of the plasticizer metabolites of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (MEHP), 2-ethylhexanol (2-EH), and phthalic acid (PA) on various immune functions of polymorphonuclear blood leukocytes (PMNL) and monocytes (MN). MEHP, 2-EH, and PA are the main hydrolysis products of DEHP. Since DEHP is(More)
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are at high risk of hepatitis B infection. Only 50-60% of the patients respond adequately to the routinely performed intramuscular (i.m.) hepatitis B vaccination. We examined whether low dose intradermal (i.d.) application of the vaccine is equivalent to regular i.m. administration. Thirty-two patients with ESRD(More)
Commercially available peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDFs) are known to impair peritoneal cellular defense mechanisms. We have investigated the influence of glucose polymer-containing PDFs on phagocytic function in vitro. Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNLs) and monocytes (MNs) from 10 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients and 10 healthy donors(More)
Excess morbidity and mortality among long-term hemodialysis patients because of infectious complications is partly caused by an impairment of cellular immune defense. We hypothesized this impairment is related to an abnormal carnitine metabolism also present in these patients. In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, we investigated the(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the degree of exposure to and the fate of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) and its major derivatives mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (MEHP), 2-ethylhexanol (2-EH), and phthalic acid (PA) in patients undergoing regular continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) during a 4-hour dwell period. DESIGN Prospective, controlled. SETTING(More)
At present, lactate is the most commonly used buffer in peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDFs). The high lactate concentration in combination with low original pH was demonstrated to suppress phagocytic function. We evaluated the in vitro effects of a newly formulated bicarbonate-buffered PDF containing glycylglycine (BiGG15 and BiGG40; Pierre Fabre Medicament,(More)
In this paper a case of congenital tritanopia is described. It appears that the clinical tests with the anomaloscope of Nagel and the isochromatic charts of Stilling, Ishihara and Boström fail in the identification of tritanopia. An isochromatic chart with the aid of normalized colours obtainable from the CIBA, Basel is composed. As it was not possible to(More)
Structure and ultrastructure of the papillae in the mantle epithelium of the polyplacophoranAcanthochiton fascicularis are described. They consist to a major part of various secretory cells. Visual cells occur frequently in the papillae. Each of these organs form up to a few spines which have basally a cup of organic material. This connects the calcareous(More)