F. Ortmann

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The adsorption of adenine on graphite is analyzed from first-principles calculations as a model case for the interaction between organic molecules and chemically inert surfaces. Within density-functional theory we find no chemical bonding due to ionic or covalent interactions, only a very weak attraction at distances beyond the equilibrium position due to(More)
Polycrystalline graphene is a patchwork of coalescing graphene grains of varying lattice orientations and size, resulting from the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth at random nucleation sites on metallic substrates. The morphology of grain boundaries has become an important topic given its fundamental role in limiting the mobility of charge carriers in(More)
Graphene has a multitude of striking properties that make it an exceedingly attractive material for various applications, many of which will emerge over the next decade. However, one of the most promising applications lie in exploiting its peculiar electronic properties which are governed by its electrons obeying a linear dispersion relation. This leads to(More)
ZnO in its many forms, such as bulk, thin films, nanorods, nanobelts, and quantum dots, attracts significant attention because of its exciting optical, electronic, and magnetic properties. For very thin ZnO films, predictions were made that the bulk wurtzite ZnO structure would transit to a layered graphene-like structure. Graphene-like ZnO layers were(More)
T he electronic properties of monolayer graphene strongly differ from those of two-dimensional metals and semiconductors, in part because of inherent electron–hole band structure symmetry and a particular density of states which vanishes at the Dirac point 1. Furthermore, the sublattice degeneracy and honeycomb symmetry lead to eigenstates that hold an(More)
A large variety of gas phase conformations of the amino acids glycine, alanine, and cysteine is studied by numerically efficient semi-local gradient-corrected density functional theory calculations using a projector-augmented wave scheme and periodic boundary conditions. Equilibrium geometries, conformational energies, dipole moments, vibrational modes, and(More)
Based on a generalized theory of charge transport in organic crystals we investigate the motion of polarons of arbitrary size. Within this theory, we analyze the influence of characteristic electronic, vibronic, and thermal energies and their role for the transport regimes. The polaron bandwidth is identified as the central temperature-dependent quantity.(More)
We design three-dimensional models of topological insulator thin films, showing a tunability of the odd number of Dirac cones driven by the atomic-scale geometry at the boundaries. A single Dirac cone at the Γ-point can be obtained as well as full suppression of quantum tunneling between Dirac states at geometrically differentiated surfaces. The spin(More)
The role of defect-induced zero-energy modes on charge transport in graphene is investigated using Kubo and Landauer transport calculations. By tuning the density of random distributions of monovacancies either equally populating the two sublattices or exclusively located on a single sublattice, all conduction regimes are covered from direct tunneling(More)
Temperature-induced dynamic disorder is one of the great unknowns in charge transport through DNA and DNA-related systems. Using guanine crystals as a model system, we studied the temperature dependence and anisotropy of charge-carrier (hole) transport in guanine-based materials. Employing the Kubo formalism, we calculated the hole mobilities with ab initio(More)