F-Nora Vögtle

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Mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization is a watershed event in the process of apoptosis, which is tightly regulated by a series of pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins belonging to the BCL-2 family, each characteristically possessing a BCL-2 homology domain 3 (BH3). Here, we identify a yeast protein (Ybh3p) that interacts with BCL-X(L) and harbours a(More)
Mitochondrial proteins are synthesized as precursor proteins on either cytosolic or mitochondrial ribosomes. The synthesized precursors from both translation origins possess targeting signals that guide the protein to its final destination in one of the four subcompartments of the organelle. The majority of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial precursors and also(More)
In the last years the picture of protein import into the mitochondria has become much more complicated in terms of new components and new sorting pathways. These novel findings have also changed views concerning the biogenesis pathway of mitochondrial outer membrane proteins. In addition to proteins anchored with transmembrane alpha-helices, the(More)
When NF-κB activation or protein synthesis is inhibited, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) can induce apoptosis through Bax- and Bak-mediated mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP) leading to caspase-3 activation. Additionally, previous studies have implicated lysosomal membrane permeability (LMP) and formation of reactive oxygen species(More)
Mitochondrial presequences and other unstructured peptides are degraded inside mitochondria by presequence proteases (PrePs) identified in Arabidopsis thaliana (AtPreP), humans (hPreP), and yeast (Cym1/Mop112). The presequences of A. thaliana and human PreP are predicted to consist of 85 and 29 amino acids, respectively, whereas the Saccharomyces cerevisiae(More)
The majority of mitochondrial preproteins are targeted via N-terminal presequences that are cleaved upon import into the organelle. The essential mitochondrial processing protease (MPP) is assumed to cleave the majority of incoming precursors; however, only a small fraction of mitochondrial precursors have been experimentally analyzed limiting the(More)
The presequence translocase of the inner mitochondrial membrane (TIM23 complex) is essential for importing cleavable preproteins into mitochondria. The preproteins contain amino-terminal targeting sequences that are removed by the mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP). Some preproteins carry bipartite presequences that are cleaved twice, by MPP and the(More)
Most mitochondrial proteins possess N-terminal presequences that are required for targeting and import into the organelle. Upon import, presequences are cleaved off by matrix processing peptidases and subsequently degraded by the peptidasome Cym1/PreP, which also degrades Amyloid-beta peptides (Aβ). Here we find that impaired turnover of presequence(More)
The mitochondrial outer membrane contains protein import machineries, the translocase of the outer membrane (TOM) and the sorting and assembly machinery (SAM). It has been speculated that TOM or SAM are required for Bax-induced release of intermembrane space (IMS) proteins; however, experimental evidence has been scarce. We used isolated yeast mitochondria(More)
We present a novel straightforward method for enrichment of N-terminal peptides, utilizing charge-based fractional diagonal chromatography (ChaFRADIC). Our method is robust, easy to operate, fast, specific, and more sensitive than existing methods, enabling the differential quantitation of 1459 nonredundant N-terminal peptides between two S. cerevisiae(More)