F. Nicholas Franano

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PURPOSE To explore the safety and efficacy of PRT-201. METHODS Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-dose escalation study of PRT-201 (0.0033 to 9 mg) applied after arteriovenous fistula (AVF) creation. Participants were followed for one year. The primary outcome measure was safety. Efficacy measures were the proportion with intra-operative(More)
PRT-201 is a recombinant human pancreatic elastase under development as a treatment for blood vessels to promote hemodialysis access patency. Proteases such as elastase are normally inactivated by antiproteases such as alpha 1-antitrypsin. It is unknown if serum from patients with alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency will inhibit PRT-201 elastase activity. An(More)
PURPOSE To explore the safety and efficacy of PRT-201 applied to the outflow vein of a newly created arteriovenous graft (AVG). METHODS Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-dose escalation study of PRT-201 (0.01 to 9 mg) applied to the graft-vein anastomosis and adjacent outflow vein immediately after AVG placement. The primary outcome(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to determine whether vonapanitase (formerly PRT-201), a recombinant human elastase, treatment can fragment the protein elastin in elastic fibers and cause dilation of atherosclerotic human peripheral arteries subjected to ex vivo balloon angioplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seven patients undergoing lower limb amputation for(More)
Vascular tissue contains abundant elastic fibers that contribute to vessel elasticity. Vonapanitase (formerly PRT-201) is a recombinant human chymotrypsin-like elastase family member 1 (CELA1) shown to cleave the elastin component of elastic fibers, resulting in increased vessel diameter. The purpose of these current studies was to determine vein diameter,(More)
The arteriovenous fistula eligibility (AFE) system (Flow Forward Medical, Olathe, KS) is a small, temporary, wearable rotary blood pump system designed to rapidly dilate peripheral veins in hemodialysis patients and improve outcomes after arteriovenous fistula (AVF) creation. A benchtop pulsatile mock circulatory loop was developed to model forearm(More)
RATIONALE At physiologic pressures, elastic fibers constrain artery diameter. Local treatment of atherosclerotic arteries with PRT-201, a recombinant type I elastase, could result in fragmentation and removal of elastin fibers and increased vessel diameter. OBJECTIVE To investigate the use of PRT-201 as a treatment for human atherosclerotic arteries. (More)
BACKGROUND Vessel injury at the time of Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF) creation may lead to neointimal hyperplasia that impairs AVF maturation. Vonapanitase, a recombinant human chymotrypsin-like elastase family member 1, is an investigational drug under development to improve AVF maturation and patency. The current studies were designed to document(More)
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