F Morel-Deville

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The ability of Lactobacillus sake to use various carbon sources was investigated. For this purpose we developed a chemically defined medium allowing growth of L. sake and some related lactobacilli. This medium was used to determine growth rates on various carbohydrates and some nutritional requirements of L. sake. Mutants resistant to 2-deoxy-d-glucose (a(More)
The genetic elements specifying six putative two-component regulatory systems (2CSs) were identified on the chromosome of Lactococcus lactis MG1363. These 2CSs appear to represent distinct loci, each containing a histidine kinase and response-regulator-encoding gene pair. Transcriptional analysis of the six 2CSs was performed either by generating(More)
Single-crossover homologous integration in Lactobacillus sake was studied. Integration was conducted with nonreplicative delivery vector pRV300. This vector is composed of a pBluescript SK- replicon for propagation in Escherichia coli and an erythromycin resistance marker. Random chromosomal DNA fragments of L. sake 23K ranging between 0.3 and 3.4 kb were(More)
The gene infB codes for two forms of translational initiation factor IF2; IF2 alpha (97,300 Da) and IF2 beta (79,700 Da). IF2 beta arises from an independent translational event on a GUG codon located 471 bases downstream from IF2 alpha start codon. By site-directed mutagenesis we constructed six different mutations of this GUG codon. In all cases, IF2 beta(More)
A system allowing the induction of DNA amplification in Bacillus subtilis was developed, based on a thermosensitive plasmid, pE194, stably integrated in the bacterial chromosome. An amplification unit, comprising an antibiotic resistance marker flanked by directly repeated sequences, was placed next to the integrated plasmid. Activation of pE194 replication(More)
Lactobacillus sakei is one of the most important lactic acid bacteria of meat and fermented meat products. It is able to degrade arginine with ammonia and ATP production by the arginine deiminase pathway (ADI). This pathway is composed of three enzymes: arginine deiminase, ornithine transcarbamoylase and carbamate kinase, and an arginine transport system.(More)
Environmental sensing in bacteria often involves the concerted action of sensor kinases and response regulators. Degenerate oligonucleotide primers were designed on the basis of amino acid similarity in the response regulators of these two-component systems. The primers were used in PCR to specifically amplify an internal DNA segment corresponding to the(More)
The assembly of ribosomes in bacterial cells is a complex process that remains poorly characterized. The in vitro assembly of active ribosomal subunits from purified RNA and protein components indicates that all of the information for proper assembly resides in the primary sequences of these macromolecules. On the other hand, the in vitro requirement of(More)
The gene for initiation factor IF2, infB, represents one of the few examples in Escherichia coli of genes encoding two protein products in vivo. In a previous work, our group showed that both forms of IF2 (alpha and beta) are closely related and may arise from two independent translational events on infB mRNA. Unambiguous mapping and rigorous determination(More)
A 7 kb DNA fragment was cloned from Lactobacillus sakei which contains the IdhL gene encoding the L(+)-lactate dehydrogenase (L-LDH). Analysis of the DNA sequence, Northern experiments and primer extension experiments showed that IdhL is transcribed from a single promoter, leading to a monocistronic 1.15 kb mRNA which yields the L-LDH. A stable mutant was(More)