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BACKGROUND Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) are increasingly used in humans; however, their impact is now questioned. At blastocyst stage, the trophectoderm is directly in contact with an artificial medium environment, which can impact placental development. This study was designed to carry out an in-depth analysis of the placental transcriptome(More)
Intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a frequent disease, affecting up to 10% of human pregnancies and responsible for increased perinatal morbidity and mortality. Moreover, low birth weight is an important cause of the metabolic syndrome in the adult. Protein depletion during the gestation of rat females has been widely used as a model for human IUGR.(More)
Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is defined as the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies during the first trimester of embryonic intrauterine development. This kind of human infertility is frequent among the general population since it affects 1 to 5% of women. In half of the cases the etiology remains unelucidated. In the present study, we used(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the expression of five members of the neurotrophins family in ovarian endometriotic cyst (endometrioma) (OMA), compared to eutopic endometrium (EE) and to examine the correlation between the levels of induction and the pain intensity. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twelve Caucasian women in luteal phase, operated for painful stage IV(More)
The status of the corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) at the fetomaternal interface, especially in the maternal intervillous blood space (I), was investigated and compared to that of CBG in the maternal (M) and fetal (umbilical arteries [A] and vein [V]) peripheral circulations at term. Immunoquantitation of plasma CBG showed that the CBG concentration in(More)
Genomic imprinting regulates the expression of a group of genes monoallelically expressed in a parent-of-origin specific manner. Allele-specific DNA methylation occurs at differentially methylated regions (DMRs) of these genes. We have previously shown that in vitro fertilization and embryo culture result in methylation defects at the imprinted H19-Igf2(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in STOX1 were proposed to be causal for predisposing to preeclampsia, a hypertensive disorder originating from placental defects, affecting up to 10% of human pregnancies. However, after the first study published in 2005 three other groups have dismissed the polymorphism described in the first paper as a causal mutation. METHODOLOGY(More)
The ability of microvillous membranes isolated from human placenta to specifically bind human low density lipoprotein (LDL) modified by acetic anhydride has been investigated. The presence of saturable high affinity binding sites specific for [125I]acetyl-LDL was demonstrated. Scatchard analysis of the binding data, obtained at 4 degrees C, revealed a(More)
Microvillous membranes isolated from early gestation placentas (8-12 weeks of amenorrhoea) and from mid-term placentas (20-22 weeks of amenorrhoea) were used to study the specific binding of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) to the trophoblast. The purity of the microvillous preparations has been assessed by electron microscopy and by their enrichment in two(More)
Ligand-immunoblotting was used to detect distinct receptors for native low-density lipoprotein and for acetylated low-density lipoprotein on microvillous membranes from human term placentas. Antisera directed against native and modified low-density lipoproteins were prepared in rabbits and their specificities were assessed by immunodiffusion and(More)