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We previously demonstrated that both Tiam1, an activator of Rac, and constitutively active V12Rac promote E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion in epithelial Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. Moreover, Tiam1 and V12Rac inhibit invasion of Ras-transformed, fibroblastoid MDCK-f3 cells by restoring E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion. Here we show(More)
Tiam1 encodes an exchange factor for the Rho-like guanosine triphosphatase Rac. Both Tiam1 and activated RacV12 promote invasiveness of T lymphoma cells. In epithelial Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, Tiam1 localized to adherens junctions. Ectopic expression of Tiam1 or RacV12 inhibited hepatocyte growth factor-induced scattering by increasing(More)
Rho-like GTPases have been implicated in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton which controls the morphology, adhesion and motility of cells. Like Ras proteins, they become activated when bound GDP is exchanged for GTP, a process catalysed by GDP-dissociation stimulator (GDS) proteins. Several GDS proteins specific for Rho-like GTPases have been(More)
The invasion-inducing T-lymphoma invasion and metastasis 1 (Tiam1) protein functions as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for the small GTPase Rac1. Differentiation-dependent expression of Tiam1 in the developing brain suggests a role for this GEF and its effector Rac1 in the control of neuronal morphology. Here we show that overexpression of Tiam1(More)
Proteins of the Rho family control signalling pathways that regulate the actin cytoskeleton and gene transcription. In vitro studies have implicated Rho-like GTP-hydrolysing enzymes (GTPases) in cell migration, cell-cycle progression, and Ras-induced focus formation, suggesting a role for these GTPases in the formation and progression of tumours in vivo. To(More)
Rho-like GTPases, including Cdc42, Rac, and Rho, regulate signaling pathways that control actin cytoskeletal structures and transcriptional activation. The Tiam1 gene encodes an activator of Rac1, and similarly to constitutively activated (V12)Rac1, overexpression of Tiam1 in fibroblasts induces the formation of membrane ruffles. Tiam1 contains a Dbl(More)
Here we describe progress on a series of molecular techniques designed to bridge the gap between genetic and molecular distances in mammals. This is an essential step in the molecular cloning of genes defined by mammalian mutations, and in the molecular analysis of large regions of mammalian genomes. We summarize approaches for the physical and molecular(More)
We determined the in vivo distribution of the beta 1 tubulin from D. melanogaster using isotype specific antibodies. Maternally expressed beta 1 tubulin is incorporated into mitotic spindles. Later in development a strong expression in the CNS is observed. Furthermore, all chordotonal organs and the apodemes are marked by beta 1 tubulin. Nuclear run-on(More)
The molecular analysis of genes identified by mutations is a major problem in mammalian genetics. As a step toward this goal, preparative field inversion gel electrophoresis (FIGE) was used to selectively isolate clones from the environment of genetically linked markers, and to select a subset of these clones containing sequences next to specific(More)
The expression of several trypanosome surface antigen genes proceeds by duplication of a basic copy (BC) of the gene and transposition of the expression-linked copy (ELC) into an expression site. This site, which seems to be the same for different genes of the same repertoire, is located near a chromosome end. In the AnTat 1.1 antigen gene expression site,(More)