F Metastasio

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Oropharyngeal swallowing is too fast and complex a motion for the human eye to seize its various phases and subsequently evaluate morphology and function of the anatomical structures involved. A chronological subdivision of the swallowing act is needed for a step-by-step analysis. Dynamic evaluation of oropharyngeal swallowing by means of fluoroscopic and(More)
The videotape recording of the cinefluorographic images obtained with barium swallowing, proved to be very useful in studying pharyngo-esophageal motility. On the contrary, the method failed to be exhaustive in the study of the oral phase of swallowing. In 1983 Shawker et al. were the first authors to suggest the use of US to record tongue motility and the(More)
Neither cineradiography nor videorecording are satisfactory techniques for the dynamic study of the oral phase of deglutition. Therefore, oral swallowing was studied by means of real-time sonography (US) in 20 asymptomatic patients. Both anatomy and motility of the muscles of the mouth and tongue were clearly demonstrated. Real-time US proved thus to allow(More)
Dysphagia is more frequently observed in patients with neurologic diseases (stroke, bulbar or pseudo-bulbar syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, cranial trauma). Furthermore, the presence of this pathology is obviously more frequently noted in the light of the increase in the length of the human life span. It has become evident that alternative feeding(More)
Hypopharyngeal diverticula are relatively unknown, with the exception of Zenker's diverticulum. Spot-camera and videorecording techniques were employed for the examination of 95 dysphagic and 250 asymptomatic patients. On the whole, 345 cases. 40% of diverticula were found in dysphagic patients, and 14% in asymptomatic ones. Fifty diverticula were detected(More)
Small-bowel enema was performed in 536 patients referred for suspected malabsorption, enteritis, abdominal pain or obstruction. Lesions were found in 54% of cases. The positivity of the investigation was particularly high in clinically well-defined cases, such as suspected obstruction (80%) and enteritis (72%). The main indications and criteria of(More)
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