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In this paper, a new approach for the development of planar metamaterial structures is developed. For this purpose, split-ring resonators (SRRs) and complementary split-ring resonators (CSRRs) coupled to planar transmission lines are investigated. The electromagnetic behavior of these elements, as well as their coupling to the host transmission line, are(More)
An efficient genetic transformation procedure using a recombinant green fluorescent protein (GFP) has been developed in Hevea brasiliensis clone PB260. Transformation experiments have been performed using an Agrobacterium tumefaciens binary vector harbouring both uidA and S65T-GFP reporter genes in order to compare selection methods using glucuronidase(More)
In this study, the PAH-degrading bacteria of a constructed wetland collecting road runoff has been studied through DNA stable isotope probing. Microcosms were spiked with (13)C-phenanthrene at 34 or 337 ppm, and bacterial diversity was monitored over a 14-day period. At 337 ppm, PAH degraders became dominated after 5 days by Betaproteobacteria, including(More)
A reliable cryopreservation technique was developed for friable embryogenic callus lines of Hevea brasiliensis. The study showed that reducing the CaCl(2) concentration of the pre-culture medium from 9 mM to 1 or 0 mM CaCl(2) before cryopreservation promoted post-thaw callus growth, 1 mM being the optimum CaCl(2) concentration for embryo regeneration.(More)
The purpose of this paper is to develop a exible design for test methodology for testing a core-based system on chip (SOC). The novel feature of the approach is the use an embedded microprocessor/memory pair to test the remaining components of the SOC. Test data is downloaded using DMA techniques directly into memory while the microprocessor uses the test(More)
The main aim of this paper is to demonstrate the potentiality of sub-wavelength resonators, namely, split-ring resonators, complementary split-ring resonators, and related structures to the suppression of undesired spurious bands in microwave filters, a key aspect to improve their rejection bandwidths. The main relevant characteristics of the cited(More)
In this study, a new technique for the design of ultra-wide bandpass filters with spurious suppression over a very wide band is presented. The method consists on the combination of a well-known analytical design approach to achieve wide bandwidths with an electromagnetic bandgap structure, which is fundamental for spurious suppression. To illustrate the(More)
In this paper, we discuss in detail the transmission characteristics of composite right/left-handed transmission lines based on complementary split-rings resonators. Specifically, the necessary conditions to obtain a continuous transition between the left- and right-handed bands (balanced case) are pointed out. It is found that very wide bands can be(More)
This paper is focused on the application of open split ring resonators (OSRRs) and their dual counterparts, open complementary split ring resonators (OCSRRs), to the synthesis of composite right/left-handed transmission lines, that is, artificial lines exhibiting backward wave propagation at low frequencies and forward wave propagation at high frequencies.(More)
Ethylene production and signalling play an important role in somatic embryogenesis, especially for species that are recalcitrant in in vitro culture. The AP2/ERF superfamily has been identified and classified in Hevea brasiliensis. This superfamily includes the ERFs involved in response to ethylene. The relative transcript abundance of ethylene biosynthesis(More)