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Reports of iatrogenic thermal injuries during laparoscopic surgery using new generation vessel-sealing devices, as well as anecdotal reports of hand burn injuries during hand-assisted surgeries, have evoked questions about the temperature safety profile and the cooling properties of these instruments. This study involved video recording of temperatures(More)
Evaluation of masticatory muscle activity by surface electromyography (EMG) is a valuable tool for diagnosing dysfunction of the masticatory apparatus. However, controversy exists with regard to the usefulness of the EMG for patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Forty patients with TMD were subjected to surface EMG of the masticatory muscles.(More)
OBJECTIVE Maternal depression and anxiety have been found to negatively affect fetal and neonatal growth. However, the independent effects of maternal depression and anxiety on fetal-neonatal growth outcomes and trajectories remain unclear. This study aimed to analyze simultaneously the effects of maternal prenatal depression and anxiety on (1) neonatal(More)
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