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We used two experimental techniques to study the effect of lidocaine hydrochloride on the early inward transient (sodium) current as it is reflected by the maximum rate of change of action potential phase 0 (Vmax). We assessed the effect of lidocaine on Vmax as Purkinje fibers were slowly depolarized by increasing the extracellular potassium concentration(More)
A major advance in understanding how quinidine depresses maximum upstroke velocity (Vmax) is the Hondeghem-Katzung mathematical model which incorporates voltage-independent rate constants for binding to and unbinding from resting, open, and inactive Na channels, and a voltage shift of -40 mV for the Hodgkin-Huxley h-kinetics of quinidine-associated Na(More)
We studied the effects of lidocaine (1-5 mg/liter) on the diastolic currents of sheep Purkinje fibers by the two-microelectrode voltage clamp technique to obtain additional information on how lidocaine decreases the slope of spontaneous diastolic depolarization of mammalian Purkinje fibers. During voltage clamps we measured both the magnitude and time(More)
Of 866 patients enrolled in our multicenter study, 667 performed a low-level exercise test early after myocardial infarction, most before discharge. Excluding seven patients who died before the test could be considered, there was a 14% 1 year cardiac mortality in 192 patients who did not take the test (150 for medical and 42 for logistic reasons) compared(More)
We enrolled 250 patients with acute myocardial infarction after they had been discharged from the cardiac intensive care unit. Among 236 patients who performed a low-level exercise test just before hospital discharge, 52 (22%) had exercise-induced ST depression of at least 0.1 mV in ECG lead V5, 102 (43%) had ventricular arrhythmias, and 121 (51%) had an(More)
The use of lasers as surgical tools may open up new possibilities for the treatment of atherosclerotic occlusive vascular disease. However, basic information regarding the effect of laser radiation to the lumen of normal blood vessels is needed prior to clinical application. This work investigates the nature of the CO2 laser-induced vascular wound and the(More)
A 24 hour electrocardiographic recording was performed before hospital discharge in 430 patients who survived the cardiac care unit phase of acute myocardial infarction. Fifty patients (11.6 percent) had ventricular tachycardia, that is, three or more consecutive ventricular complexes. In 25 (50 percent) of these 50 patients, there was only one episode of(More)
In man, therapeutic doses of imipramine suppress ventricular arrhythmias, and toxic doses can cause severe intraventricular conduction disturbances and cardiac arrest. To determine the cellular mechanisms responsible for these actions, we studied the effects of imipramine hydrochloride at concentrations from 3 x 1<T to 3 x 10~ g/ml on the transmembrane(More)
Left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, ventricular arrhythmias, and ischemic jeopardy independently determine outcome after recovery from acute myocardial infarction. Because death and reinfarction are most common early after hospital discharge, predischarge assessment of risk is optimal. Noninvasive methods can adequately detect LV dysfunction and ventricular(More)