F M Trefz

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Hyperkalemia is a clinically important electrolyte imbalance in neonatal diarrheic calves that has previously been associated with skeletal muscle weakness and life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias. The aim of the present retrospective analysis was to identify risk factors for hyperkalemia in a convenience sample of 832 calves (≤ 21 d of age) with a clinical(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present prospective study was to investigate whether a decision tree based on basic clinical signs could be used to determine the treatment of metabolic acidosis in calves successfully without expensive laboratory equipment. A total of 121 calves with a diagnosis of neonatal diarrhea admitted to a veterinary teaching hospital were(More)
One hundred and twenty-four calves with neonatal diarrhoea were investigated in order to assess the prevalence of hyperkalaemia and the associated clinical signs. Hyperkalaemia (potassium concentration >5.8mmol/L) was recognized in 42 (34%) calves and was more closely associated with dehydration than with decreases in base excess or venous blood pH. In 75(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical assessment of metabolic acidosis in calves with neonatal diarrhea can be difficult because increased blood concentrations of d-lactate and not acidemia per se are responsible for most of the clinical signs exhibited by these animals. OBJECTIVES To describe the correlation between clinical and laboratory findings and d-lactate(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperkalemia is a frequently observed electrolyte imbalance in dehydrated neonatal diarrheic calves that can result in skeletal muscle weakness and life-threatening cardiac conduction abnormalities and arrhythmias. HYPOTHESIS Intravenous administration of a small-volume hypertonic NaHCO3 solution is clinically more effective in decreasing the(More)
Hypoglycaemia has traditionally been associated with neonatal diarrhoea and endotoxaemia in calves, but the clinical relevance of this finding in spontaneously diseased calves has not previously been evaluated. To determine the prevalence and prognostic relevance of severe hypoglycaemia (plasma glucose concentration < 2 mmol/L), data from 10,060(More)
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