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The nucleotide sequence determination of the genome of the Beaudette strain of the coronavirus avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) has been completed. The complete sequence has been obtained from 17 overlapping cDNA clones, the 5'-most of which contains the leader sequence (as determined by direct sequencing of the genome) and the 3'-most of which(More)
Studies on the biology of the avian species of Eimeria are currently benefiting from the availability of a comprehensive sequence for the nuclear genome of Eimeria tenella. Allied to some recent advances in transgenic technologies and genetic approaches to identify protective antigens, some elements are now being assembled that should be helpful for the(More)
The coccidian parasite cGMP-dependent protein kinase is the primary target of a novel coccidiostat, the trisubstituted pyrrole 4-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-(1-methylpiperidine-4-yl)-1H-pyrrol-3-yl] pyridine (compound 1), which effectively controls the proliferation of Eimeria tenella and Toxoplasma gondii parasites in animal models. The efficacy of compound 1 in(More)
Like other members of the medically important phylum Apicomplexa, Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that secretes several classes of proteins involved in the active invasion of target host cells. Proteins in apical secretory organelles known as micronemes have been strongly implicated in parasite attachment to host cells. TgMIC2 is a(More)
Apical organelles contain molecules that are of critical importance for the interaction of all apicomplexan parasites with their target host cells. Thus, there is considerable interest in characterizing and understanding the function of molecules that reside in these organelles. Large numbers of surface-sterilized oocysts of Eimeria tenella, an apicomplexan(More)
The intestinal disease coccidiosis, caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Eimeria, is one of the most important livestock diseases in the world. It has a high impact in the poultry industry where parasite transmission is favoured by high-density housing of large numbers of susceptible birds. Coccidiosis control in poultry is achieved by careful(More)
Stable transfection of Eimeria species has been difficult to achieve because of the obligate requirement for in vivo amplification and selection of the parasites. Strategies to generate and stabilise populations of transfected Eimeria tenella are described here, together with the identification of optimal parameters for the transfection process. A series of(More)
We describe a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay for the detection, identification and differentiation of pathogenic species of .Eimeria in poultry. The internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) regions of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) from .Eimeria acervulina, E. brunetti, E. necatrix and .E. tenella were sequenced and regions of unique sequences identified.(More)
We report the proteomes of four life-cycle stages of the Apicomplexan parasite Eimeria tenella. A total of 1868 proteins were identified, with 630, 699, 845 and 1532 found in early oocysts (unsporulated), late oocysts (sporulated), sporozoites and second-generation merozoites, respectively. A multidimensional protein identification technology shotgun(More)
Microneme organelles are located at the apical tip of invading stages of all apicomplexan parasites and they contain proteins that are critical for parasite adhesion to host cells. In this paper, we have utilised the process of oocyst sporulation in Eimeria tenella to investigate the timing of expression of components of the microneme organelle, at both(More)