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The elastin-binding proteins EbpS of Staphylococcus aureus strains Cowan and 8325-4 were predicted from sequence analysis to comprise 486 residues. Specific antibodies were raised against an N-terminal domain (residues 1-267) and a C-terminal domain (residues 343-486) expressed as recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli. Western blotting of lysates of(More)
Twenty-one genes encoding surface proteins belonging to the LPXTG family have been identified by in silico analysis of six Staphylococcus aureus genome sequences. Eleven genes encode previously described proteins, while 10 have not yet been characterized. Of these, eight contain the cell-wall sorting signal LPXTG responsible for covalently anchoring(More)
The ability of Staphylococcus aureus to adhere to components of the extracellular matrix is an important mechanism for colonization of host tissues during infection. We have previously shown that S. aureus binds elastin, a major component of the extracellular matrix. The integral membrane protein, elastin-binding protein (EbpS), binds soluble elastin(More)
Staphylococcus aureus binds to human desquamated nasal epithelial cells, a phenomenon likely to be important in nasal colonization. ClfB was identified previously as one staphylococcal adhesin that promoted binding to nasal epithelia. In this study, it is shown that the S. aureus surface protein SasG, identified previously by in silico analysis of genome(More)
BACKGROUND Prevalence of healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) and antimicrobial use in Irish long-term care facilities (LTCFs) has never been studied. AIM To collect baseline data on HCAI prevalence and antibiotic use in Irish LTCFs to inform national LTCF policy and plan future HCAI prevention programmes. METHODS A prevalence study of HCAI and(More)
The excitotoxic hypothesis suggests that cerebral ischemic damage results in part from the accumulation of the excitatory and potentially toxic neurotransmitters glutamate and aspartate. Adenosine, which also increases during cerebral ischemia, is proposed to inhibit neurotransmitter release. The purpose of this study was to determine if adenosine receptor(More)
A stable in vivo preparation of moderate hypovolemia with prompt volume restoration was produced in anesthetized rats. The microcirculation of the terminal ileum was observed in vivo videomicroscopy, and changes in mean arterial pressure (MAP) as well as arteriolar diameters were recorded after a 30-min period in which the MAP was reduced by 50% by(More)
Disorders of mucosal blood flow may contribute to gut barrier dysfunction in multiple organ failure (MOF). We evaluated alterations of mesenteric microcirculation in a rat model of MOF. Male Wistar rats received 1 mg/g body weight of zymosan A in 4 ml of mineral oil by intraperitoneal injection and were studied on Days 1, 3, and 5 following injection. A(More)
BACKGROUND Catheter-related infection (CRI) surveillance is advocated as a healthcare quality indicator. However, there is no national CRI surveillance programme or standardized CRI definitions in Irish intensive care units (ICUs). AIM To examine the feasibility of multi-centre CRI surveillance in nine Irish ICUs, using Hospitals in Europe Link for(More)