F. Levent Degertekin

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This paper describes the design of CMOS receiver electronics for monolithic integration with capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) arrays for highfrequency intravascular ultrasound imaging. A custom 8-inch (20-cm) wafer is fabricated in a 0.35-μm two-poly, four-metal CMOS process and then CMUT arrays are built on top of the application(More)
In this paper, we report on the characterization of 1-D arrays of capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (cMUT). A 275- x 5600-micron 1-D CMUT array element is experimentally characterized, and the results are found to be in agreement with theoretical predictions. As a receiver, the transducer has a 0.28-fm/square root of Hz displacement(More)
A miniature differential microphone is described having a low-noise floor. The sensitivity of a differential microphone suffers as the distance between the two pressure sensing locations decreases, resulting in an increase in the input sound pressure-referred noise floor. In the microphone described here, both the diaphragm thermal noise and the electronic(More)
In this letter, a 400-mumx400-mum 2-D capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (cMUT) array element is experimentally characterised, and the results are found to be in good agreement with theoretical predictions. As a receiver, the transducer has a 1.8x10(-7) nm/ radical(Hz) displacement sensitivity, and, as a transmitter, it produces 16.4 kPa/V of(More)
The nonlinear relationship between the electrical input signal and electrostatic force acting on the capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) membrane limits its harmonic imaging performance. Several input shaping methods were proposed to compensate for the nonlinearity originating from the electrostatic force's dependence on the square of the(More)
The scanning mass spectrometry (SMS) probe is a new electrospray ion source. Motivated by the need for untargeted chemical imaging of dynamic events in solution, we have exploited an approach to electrospray ionization (ESI) that allows continuous sampling from a highly localized volume (approximately picoliters) in a liquid environment, softly ionizes(More)
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In this study, a 64-element, 1.15-mm diameter annular-ring capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) array was characterized and used for forward-looking intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging tests. The array was manufactured using low-temperature processes suitable for CMOS electronics integration on a single chip. The measured radiation(More)
We introduce a novel probe structure for the atomic force microscope. The probe has a sharp tip placed on a micromachined membrane with an integrated displacement sensor, a diffraction-based optical interferometer. We use this probe in a microscope to directly measure the transient interaction forces between the probe tip and the sample when operating in a(More)
In this paper, we report measurement results on dual-electrode CMUT demonstrating electromechanical coupling coefficient (k(2)) of 0.82 at 90% of collapse voltage as well as 136% 3 dB one-way fractional bandwidth at the transducer surface around the design frequency of 8 MHz. These results are within 5% of the predictions of the finite element simulations.(More)