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The twofold purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of latex sensitivity in a large group of operating room nurses and to evaluate the relationship between questionnaire responses and skin tests. Of the total target population of 268 operating room nurses, 248 (93%) answered the questionnaire and 197 had skin prick tests to latex (1/10 wt/vol(More)
Psyllium is a high molecular weight laxative that can cause occupational asthma among health care workers who prepare this product for chronically ill patients. The prevalence of immunologic sensitization and occupational asthma to psyllium is unknown. We investigated the personnel of four chronic care hospitals, including two where four cases of(More)
Although increased levels of specific IgE and/or IgG antibodies have been documented in individual cases of occupational asthma caused by common types of isocyanates (hexamethylene diisocyanate [HDI] and diphenylmethane diisocyanate [MDI]), the frequency among workers with occupational asthma is still unknown. The sera of 62/65 workers referred for specific(More)
The sensitivity and specificity of monitoring peak expiratory flow rates (PEFR) and bronchial responsiveness to the provocative concentration of histamine or methacholine (PC20) has been determined as compared to specific inhalation challenges in the diagnosis of occupational asthma. A prospective study of 61 subjects referred for occupational asthma to(More)
Numerous agents in powder form (wood dust, flour, antibiotics, drugs, etc.) can cause occupational asthma. The diagnosis is generally confirmed by specific inhalation challenges in a special challenge room. There are several pitfalls to the procedure: 1) subjects may be exposed to high concentrations of particles; the concentrations of particles may be(More)
Some vegetable gums have been reported to cause asthma. We describe three subjects who were exposed at work to guar gum, which is derived from the outer part of Cyanopsis tetragonolobus, a vegetable that grows in India. The first subject worked for a pharmaceutical company; the second and third subjects worked at a carpet-manufacturing plant. All three(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a constant infusion rate of terbutaline on circadian bronchial peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), heart rate and arterial pressure in patients with asthma exacerbation. Fifteen hospitalized asthmatic patients (6 females and 9 males, mean age 43.3 years, mean weight 67.0 kg) were included in this(More)
Twenty-one patients, who had previously experienced an anaphylactic reaction to suxamethonium during general anaesthesia, were selected for this study. Initially, skin tests with muscle relaxants were carried out in the twenty-one patients, detection of specific anti-choline IgE in nineteen, and leucocyte histamine release in seventeen. These three tests(More)
In some countries a diagnosis of occupational asthma for medicolegal purposes is made when a questionnaire is suggestive and the individual is exposed to a product known to be a sensitizer. The value of an open questionnaire administered by physicians with experience in occupational asthma is unknown, however. We prospectively assessed all subjects (162)(More)