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BACKGROUND Early-phase and preclinical studies suggest that moxifloxacin-containing regimens could allow for effective 4-month treatment of uncomplicated, smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial to test the noninferiority of two moxifloxacin-containing regimens as compared(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the long-term effects of finasteride on symptoms, acute urinary retention (AUR), and the need for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-related surgery in relationship to baseline symptom severity. METHODS A total of 3040 men with BPH were treated for 4 years with finasteride or placebo. The changes from baseline in symptoms and the(More)
BACKGROUND Finasteride, an inhibitor of type 2 5alpha-reductase, decreases serum and scalp dihydrotestosterone (DHT) by inhibiting conversion of testosterone to DHT and has been shown to be effective in men with androgenetic alopecia (AGA). The effects of finasteride in women with AGA have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to(More)
The oral administration of finasteride, a 4-aza-steroid inhibitor of 5 alpha-reductase, decreases serum dihydrotestosterone levels, but has little effect on serum testosterone. The current study was designed to assess the effect of finasteride on dihydrotestosterone levels in the prostates of men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. In a double blind,(More)
Excessive sebum production is a central aspect of the pathophysiology of acne vulgaris. Sebaceous gland function is under androgen control and it is hypothesized that dihydrotestosterone is formed by the action of 5 alpha-reductase. Type I is the controlling isoenzyme. This study describes a 3-month, multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical(More)
The effects of finasteride, a potent 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor, were assessed in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Patients were treated with finasteride or placebo for 24 weeks in a double-blind multicenter study followed by a 12-month open-extension period. After 24 weeks, finasteride-treated patients, when compared to placebo-treated(More)
OBJECTIVE Since it is not clear whether testosterone or dihydrotestosterone is the active hormone in bone metabolism, we wished to assess the effect of finasteride, a 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor, or vertebral bone mineral density and parameters of bone and mineral metabolism. DESIGN Patients were treated in a randomized, double-blind controlled study with(More)
We assessed the long-term safety and efficacy of finasteride, an orally active 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor, in 2 previously reported groups of patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Prostate volume was measured by magnetic resonance imaging, and the maximum urinary flow rate was assessed noninvasively. Symptoms were scored utilizing a(More)