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Much evidence shows that glia regulates the cation and anion content of brain interstitial space. In rats the pH and bicarbonate (HCO3-) concentration of neurons and glia were derived from carbon 14-labeled HCO3- and dimethyloxazolidinedione uptake into brain and cerebrospinal fluid. Acetazolamide increases the total CO2 concentration in neurons and(More)
Convulsive dose 50s (CD50s) for various convulsive drugs and minimal and maximal electroshock seizure thresholds were determined in DBA and C57 mice. DBA mice had lower maximal electroshock seizure thresholds (MESTs, 15%) and CD50s for homocysteine thiolactone (HTL, 23%) and bicuculline (69%), and a higher CD50 for pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) at 3 weeks of age,(More)
The clinical utility of the carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor acetazolamide (ACTZ) is limited because of rapid development of tolerance to its effects. Tolerance is thought to develop as a result of glial cell proliferation and/or increased CA synthesis. DBA mice, susceptible to audiogenic seizures (AGSs) in an age-dependent manner, have increased CA(More)
DBA/2J mice are susceptible to audiogenic seizures (ASs) in an age-dependent manner, susceptibility being maximal at 21 days of age and declining thereafter. DBA, as compared with AS-resistant C57BL/6J (C57) mice, had higher carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity in cerebral cortex, brainstem, and cerebellum homogenates at 21 days of age. CA activity was also(More)
DBA/2J (DBA) mice are susceptible to audiogenic seizures (ASs) in an age-dependent manner. Anion transport as measured by radioiodide uptake was determined in thyroid gland, salivary gland, skeletal muscle, cerebral cortex, cerebellum, brainstem, and CSF from these mice at various ages. Anion transport was also determined in C57BL/6J(C57) mice, an(More)
DBA/2J (DBA) mice are susceptible to audiogenic seizures (AGSs) in an age-dependent manner, susceptibility being maximal at 21 days and absent at 110 days of age. Previous studies have demonstrated that there is a decrease in anion transport and an increase in carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity in brain from DBA mice as compared with C57BL/6J (C57, non-AGS)(More)
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