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A library of random 10 residue peptides fused to the N-terminus of a reporter protein was screened in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae for sequences that can target the reporter for degradation by the N-end rule pathway, a ubiquitin (Ub)-dependent proteolytic system that recognizes potential substrates through binding to their destabilizing N-terminal(More)
The assembly of individual mammalian proteasome subunits into catalytically active 20S proteasome is not well understood. Herein, we report the identification and characterization of human and mouse homologues of the yeast proteasome maturating factor Ump1p. We delineate the region of hUMP1 implicated in the specific interaction with proteasome precursors(More)
By stimulating human lymphocytes with an autologous renal carcinoma, we obtained CTL recognizing an antigen derived from a novel, ubiquitous protein. The CTL failed to lyse autologous EBV-transformed B cells, even though the latter express the protein. This is due to the presence in these cells of immunoproteasomes, which, unlike standard proteasomes,(More)
We describe a method that can be used to produce equimolar amounts of two or more specific proteins in a cell. In this approach, termed the ubiquitin/protein/reference (UPR) technique, a reference protein and a protein of interest are synthesized as a polyprotein separated by a ubiquitin moiety. This tripartite fusion is cleaved, cotranslationally or nearly(More)
Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein complex responsible for the maintenance of the length of the telomeres during cell division, which is active in germ-line cells as well as in the vast majority of tumors but not in most normal tissues. The wide expression of the human telomerase catalytic subunit (hTERT) in tumors makes it an interesting candidate vaccine(More)
The peptide derived from the melanoma-associated protein Melan-A (Melan-A(26-35)/HLA-A2) is an attractive candidate for tumor immunotherapy but little is known about the intracellular processing of this antigen. Here we show that Melan-A is a single-pass membrane protein with an NH(2) terminus exposed to the lumen of the exocytic compartment. In transfected(More)
The N-end rule relates the in vivo half-life of a protein to the identity of its N-terminal residue. Ubr1p, the recognition (E3) component of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae N-end rule pathway, contains at least two substrate-binding sites. The type 1 site is specific for N-terminal basic residues Arg, Lys, and His. The type 2 site is specific for N-terminal(More)
The N-end rule pathway is a ubiquitin-dependent proteolytic system, the targets of which include proteins that bear destabilizing N-terminal residues. The latter are a part of the degradation signal called the N-degron. Arg-DHFRts, an engineered N-end rule substrate, bears N-terminal arginine (a destabilizing residue) and DHFRts [a temperature-sensitive(More)
There is considerable interest in the development of vaccination strategies that would elicit strong tumor-specific CTL responses in cancer patients. One strategy consists of using recombinant viruses encoding amino acid sequences corresponding to natural CTL-defined peptide from tumor Ags as immunogens. However, studies with synthetic tumor antigenic(More)
It has been established that nucleosomes are made of histones and DNA fragments. The purpose of this work to establish whether some non-histone proteins are also present in these chromatin subunits. We have found that nucleosome preparations contain phosphorylated non-histone proteins and protein kinases by sucrose gradient analysis. In order to establish(More)