F. Kontos

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Seventy-six nontuberculous mycobacterial isolates obtained from patients living in Greece were analyzed with the GenoType Mycobacterium CM (for common mycobacteria) and AS (for additional species) assays. GenoType correctly identified all but one of the mycobacterial species. For this species, additional probes should be designed and added to the strip.
One hundred and fifty clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were tested for susceptibility to pyrazinamide using the fully automated Bactec MGIT 960 system and the radiometric Bactec 460TB system. The overall concordance rate between MGIT 960 and radiometric system was 100% and the mean turnaround times to report the susceptibility test results(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the rates of mupirocin resistance in staphylococci during a 4 year period (1999-2002) in Greece. MATERIALS A total of 1200 Staphylococcus aureus and 2760 coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS), consecutively collected from four Greek hospitals located in different geographical areas, were tested for susceptibility to mupirocin(More)
Nineteen of 27 ceftazidime-resistant Enterobacter cloacae isolates from a neonatal intensive care unit in Thessaloniki, Greece, had genes coding for the novel extended-spectrum beta-lactamase IBC-1; 18 of those 19 harbored similar conjugative plasmids and belonged to two distinct genetic lineages. A synergy test with ceftazidime and imipenem enabled us to(More)
A sample of 450 consecutive, non-replicated coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS), collected from clinical specimens during the period 2000-2001 from the five major hospitals of Thessaly district (Central Greece) were investigated for resistance to methicillin. Most of the isolates had been collected in a sporadic fashion from the intensive care units and(More)
The accuracy of the Bactec MGIT 960 system for susceptibility testing of 177 clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to first line drugs (isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol and streptomycin) was compared with the agar reference method. The sensitivity, the ability to detect resistance, of the MGIT system was 100%, while the specificity, the ability(More)
Between September 1999 to February 2001, 25 glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus faecium (GRE) isolates were recovered from a Greek hospital. The isolates exhibited 13 distinct chromosomal macrorestriction types by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, and all were erythromycin and vancomycin resistant, carrying the genes vanA and ermB. Vancomycin resistance,(More)
Sir, The emergence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) has raised major concerns because of the limited therapeutic options for treating infections resulting from these organisms. In the USA, the National Nosocomial Surveillance System has described a 20-fold rise in VRE recovered from bloodstream infections during the past 10 years. The limitation in(More)
Mycobacterium arupense is a novel mycobacterium species. It was first identified from clinical specimens in 2006 and since then there have been only two reports of its recovery from clinical samples. In the present case M. arupense was isolated from the sputum of a 62-year-old man with a malignant mass in his left kidney, who presented with a one-month(More)