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The sequence and the structure of DNA methyltransferase-2 (Dnmt2) bear close affinities to authentic DNA cytosine methyltransferases. A combined genetic and biochemical approach revealed that human DNMT2 did not methylate DNA but instead methylated a small RNA; mass spectrometry showed that this RNA is aspartic acid transfer RNA (tRNA(Asp)) and that DNMT2(More)
There are three sites of m(5)U modification in Escherichia coli stable RNAs: one at the invariant tRNA position U54 and two in 23S rRNA at the phylogenetically conserved positions U747 and U1939. Each of these sites is modified by its own methyltransferase, and the tRNA methyltransferase, TrmA, is well-characterised. Two open reading frames, YbjF and YgcA,(More)
Uridine at the wobble position of tRNA is usually modified, and modification is required for accurate and efficient protein translation. In eukaryotes, wobble uridines are modified into 5-methoxycarbonylmethyluridine (mcm(5)U), 5-carbamoylmethyluridine (ncm(5)U) or derivatives thereof. Here, we demonstrate, both by in vitro and in vivo studies, that the(More)
Mass spectrometry has become an increasingly important tool of high accuracy, efficiency, and speed for the routine analysis of nucleic acids. To make it useful for large-scale sequencing of genomic material as required for example in genotyping and clinical diagnosis, it is necessary to find approaches that allow the analysis of sequences much larger than(More)
Conventional DNA sequencing is based on gel electrophoretic separation of the sequencing products. Gel casting and electrophoresis are the time limiting steps, and the gel separation is occasionally imperfect due to aberrant mobility of certain fragments, leading to erroneous sequence determination. Furthermore, illegitimately terminated products frequently(More)
The ALKBH family of Fe(II) and 2-oxoglutarate dependent oxygenases comprises enzymes that display sequence homology to AlkB from E. coli, a DNA repair enzyme that uses an oxidative mechanism to dealkylate methyl and etheno adducts on the nucleobases. Humans have nine different ALKBH proteins, ALKBH1-8 and FTO. Mammalian and plant ALKBH8 are tRNA(More)
The idea of identifying or characterizing an RNA molecule based on a mass spectrum of specifically generated RNA fragments has been used in various forms for well over a decade. We have developed software-named RRM for 'RNA mass mapping'-which can search whole prokaryotic genomes or RNA FASTA sequence databases to identify the origin of a given RNA based on(More)
Enzymatically synthesized RNA samples (in vitro transcripts) were analysed by matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). Spectra of RNA up to 150 kDA (461 nucleotides) are shown. Polymerase generated sample heterogeneity and its contribution to mass resolution are discussed. A time course exonuclease digest of a 55 nt in vitro(More)
UV-matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (UV-MALDI-MS) with 3-hydroxypicolinic acid as matrix and IR-MALDI-MS with succinic acid as matrix have proved their feasibility for highly accurate and sensitive mass determination of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA). In this work, a detailed comparison of these two MALDI-methods and between(More)
Double-stranded DNA ranging from 9 kDa to over 500 kDa were desorbed and analyzed by MALDI TOF mass spectrometry. IR-MALDI with glycerol as matrix yielded excellent results for larger double-stranded DNA by adjustment of the ionic strength through the addition of salts. Very little fragmentation and a routine sensitivity in the subpicomole range were(More)