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The sequence and the structure of DNA methyltransferase-2 (Dnmt2) bear close affinities to authentic DNA cytosine methyltransferases. A combined genetic and biochemical approach revealed that human DNMT2 did not methylate DNA but instead methylated a small RNA; mass spectrometry showed that this RNA is aspartic acid transfer RNA (tRNA(Asp)) and that DNMT2(More)
Uridine at the wobble position of tRNA is usually modified, and modification is required for accurate and efficient protein translation. In eukaryotes, wobble uridines are modified into 5-methoxycarbonylmethyluridine (mcm(5)U), 5-carbamoylmethyluridine (ncm(5)U) or derivatives thereof. Here, we demonstrate, both by in vitro and in vivo studies, that the(More)
There are three sites of m(5)U modification in Escherichia coli stable RNAs: one at the invariant tRNA position U54 and two in 23S rRNA at the phylogenetically conserved positions U747 and U1939. Each of these sites is modified by its own methyltransferase, and the tRNA methyltransferase, TrmA, is well-characterised. Two open reading frames, YbjF and YgcA,(More)
We present a method to screen RNA for posttranscriptional modifications based on Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). After the RNA is digested to completion with a nucleotide-specific RNase, the fragments are analyzed by mass spectrometry. A comparison of the observed mass data with the data predicted from the gene(More)
The Cfr methyltransferase confers combined resistance to five different classes of antibiotics that bind to the peptidyl transferase center of bacterial ribosomes. The Cfr-mediated modification has previously been shown to occur on nucleotide A2503 of 23S rRNA and has a mass corresponding to an additional methyl group, but its specific identity and position(More)
Uridines in the wobble position of tRNA are almost invariably modified. Modifications can increase the efficiency of codon reading, but they also prevent mistranslation by limiting wobbling. In mammals, several tRNAs have 5-methoxycarbonylmethyluridine (mcm5U) or derivatives thereof in the wobble position. Through analysis of tRNA from Alkbh8-/- mice, we(More)
One of the most promising techniques for typing of multiple single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is detection of single base extension primers (SBE) by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). We present a new MALDI-TOF MS protocol for typing of multiple SNPs in a single reaction. Biotin-labeled ddNTPs(More)
Enzymatically synthesized RNA samples (in vitro transcripts) were analysed by matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). Spectra of RNA up to 150 kDA (461 nucleotides) are shown. Polymerase generated sample heterogeneity and its contribution to mass resolution are discussed. A time course exonuclease digest of a 55 nt in vitro(More)
tlrB is one of four resistance genes encoded in the operon for biosynthesis of the macrolide tylosin in antibiotic-producing strains of Streptomyces fradiae. Introduction of tlrB into Streptomyces lividans similarly confers tylosin resistance. Biochemical analysis of the rRNA from the two Streptomyces species indicates that in vivo TlrB modifies nucleotide(More)
Ribosomal RNA from all organisms contains post-transcriptionally modified nucleotides whose function is far from clear. To gain insight into the molecular interactions of modified nucleotides, we investigated the modification status of Thermus thermophilus 5 S and 23 S ribosomal RNA by mass spectrometry and chemical derivatization/primer extension. A total(More)