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The sequence and the structure of DNA methyltransferase-2 (Dnmt2) bear close affinities to authentic DNA cytosine methyltransferases. A combined genetic and biochemical approach revealed that human DNMT2 did not methylate DNA but instead methylated a small RNA; mass spectrometry showed that this RNA is aspartic acid transfer RNA (tRNA(Asp)) and that DNMT2(More)
Uridines in the wobble position of tRNA are almost invariably modified. Modifications can increase the efficiency of codon reading, but they also prevent mistranslation by limiting wobbling. In mammals, several tRNAs have 5-methoxycarbonylmethyluridine (mcm5U) or derivatives thereof in the wobble position. Through analysis of tRNA from Alkbh8-/- mice, we(More)
The present article is a survey of ESI and MALDI mass spectrometric analysis of nucleic acid oligomers and polymers. In order to limit the extent of the review, mass spectrometry of mononucleotides is generally not considered, except where such data are important for an understanding of the analysis of larger nucleic acids. The first part of the review is a(More)
A Trypanosoma cruzi trans-sialidase (E.C. was cloned into Pichia pastoris and expressed. The pH and temperature optimum of the enzyme was determined as pH 5.7 and 30°C. Using casein glycomacropeptide (CGMP) and lactose as sialyl-donor and acceptor respectively, the optimal donor/acceptor ratio for the trans-sialidase catalysed 3'-sialyllactose(More)
Uridine at the wobble position of tRNA is usually modified, and modification is required for accurate and efficient protein translation. In eukaryotes, wobble uridines are modified into 5-methoxycarbonylmethyluridine (mcm(5)U), 5-carbamoylmethyluridine (ncm(5)U) or derivatives thereof. Here, we demonstrate, both by in vitro and in vivo studies, that the(More)
Oligodeoxynucleotides which contain 7-deaza analogues of the normal purine nucleotides have been synthesized both enzymatically and chemically. When subjected to matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) analysis, the modified samples offer both higher stability and increased sensitivity compared to otherwise identical(More)
One of the most promising techniques for typing of multiple single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is detection of single base extension primers (SBE) by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). We present a new MALDI-TOF MS protocol for typing of multiple SNPs in a single reaction. Biotin-labeled ddNTPs(More)
tlrB is one of four resistance genes encoded in the operon for biosynthesis of the macrolide tylosin in antibiotic-producing strains of Streptomyces fradiae. Introduction of tlrB into Streptomyces lividans similarly confers tylosin resistance. Biochemical analysis of the rRNA from the two Streptomyces species indicates that in vivo TlrB modifies nucleotide(More)
Avilamycin is an orthosomycin antibiotic that has shown considerable potential for clinical use, although it is presently used as a growth promoter in animal feed. Avilamycin inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to the 50S ribosomal subunit. The ribosomes of the producer strain, Streptomyces viridochromogenes Tü57, are protected from the drug by(More)
We have studied the fragmentation behaviour of short, singly protonated oligoribonucleotides on a MALDI Qq-TOF instrument with the aim of using this instrumental set-up to characterise modifications of RNA molecules. Individual ion species from enzymatically generated mixtures were isolated in one quadrupole and subjected to collision-induced dissociation(More)