F. Kao

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Unilateral focal cold blocks (20 degrees C) in structures located ventrolaterally in rostral medulla consistently caused apnoea or deep depression of inspiratory motor output. The inhibitory effect could be correlated with the cooling temperature. Apnoeic response occurred either with complete absence of any inspiratory activity or combined with low level(More)
1. In cats under pentobarbitone anaesthesia the effects of focal temperature changes of the ;chemoceptive' areas on the ventral surface of medulla, described by Loeschcke and his associates, were studied with respect to tidal volume, V(T), tidal variation in efferent phrenic activity, Phr(T), and respiratory rate. The cats were either paralysed and(More)
Unilateral focal cold blocks in the region of the nucleus tractus solitarius and the dorsal respiratory group of neurons, DRG, of anaesthetized cats consistently caused apneustic-type breathing. There was no concomitant change in the initial rate of rise of inspiratory activity. The apneustic prolongation of inspiratory duration, TI, was most pronounced in,(More)
Four volunteers judged eight levels of thermal stimuli induced by a Hardy dolorimeter, varying in intensity from extremely painful to a low level seldom even perceived. Half of the 406 stimuli were applied during acupuncture and half either before insertion or after removal of the needles. The experimental design minimized or eliminated factors other than(More)
Disinhibition or 'release' of expiratory muscle activity in response to focal cooling of various medullary structures was of two kinds: (1) release of rhythmic expiratory activity even when no such activity was recruited in the control situation and (2) release of tonic activity in the 'expiratory' muscles. Release of rhythmic expiratory activity was mainly(More)
Four volunteers judged eight levels of thermal stimuli induced by a Hardy dolorimeter, varying in intensity from extremely painful to a low level seldom even perceived. Half of the 406 stimuli were applied during acupuncture and half either before the insertion or after removal of the needles. The experimental design minimized or eliminated factors other(More)
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