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Elephant limbs display unique morphological features which are related mainly to supporting the enormous body weight of the animal. In elephants, the knee joint plays important roles in weight bearing and locomotion, but anatomical data are sparse and lacking in functional analyses. In addition, the knee joint is affected frequently by arthrosis. Here we(More)
The segment V1 of the arteria vertebralis (pathway from its origin from the a. subclavia to the entry into the respective foramen processus transversi) has a special significance in vascular surgery. Contrary to indications in the literature, we found 47.15% of the specimens to have a contorted course in this segment. The tortuosities carried by the(More)
The posterior portion of the ulnar collateral ligament, which arises from the posterior surface of the medial epicondyle, is taut in maximal flexion. The anterior portion, which takes its origin from the anterior and inferior surfaces of the epicondyle, contains three functional fibre bundles. One of these is taut in maximal extension, another in(More)
  • F K Fuss
  • 1989
The areas of the femoral origin of the cruciate ligaments have approximately the shape of sectors of ellipses, the one for the anterior ligament on the lateral condyle posteroproximally and the one for the posterior ligament on the medial condyle distally. By means of a new technique of dissection, combined with the use of X-rays, the change in distance(More)
The capsular ligaments of the human hip joint were submitted to exact morphological analysis, and they proved to be multiple and numerous. We have described various ligamentous systems and their interconnections, and have suggested new terminologies and systematics. The ligaments were subjected to functional analysis by means of measuring strips to(More)
The surgical anatomy of interest in the posterior interosseous nerve syndrome was studied to shed light on the ramifying pattern of the radial nerve, the number of its muscular branches and their branching levels, and to pinpoint the location of the fibrous bands that may cause radial nerve entrapment. The fibrous arch of the supinator muscle (arcade of(More)
Pig cruciate ligaments were dissected and examined radiologically to evaluate their function. The variations in distance between the origin and insertion of the fibre bundles were measured in different joint positions; the maximal decrease in distance amounted to 50% in the anterior (ACL) and 30% in the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). The ACL consists of(More)
By means of a combined technique of dissection and radiography, the function of cruciate ligament fibers was analyzed for motions in the sagittal plane, and different functional fiber bundles were reconstructed in cadaver knees. In order to grant permanent stability, crucial replacement must be concentrated on the reconstruction of the constantly taut(More)
The surgical anatomy of interest in the pronator teres syndrome was studied to shed light on the ramifying pattern of the median nerve, the number of its muscular branches and their branching levels and to pinpoint the location of the fibrous bands which may cause median nerve entrapment. The fibrous arch of the pronator teres muscle (pronator arch) was(More)
Each of the cruciate ligaments contains functionally different fiber groups; one fiber bundle is always taut; numerous others are taut in intermediate or extreme positions. The bulk of the fibers of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is taut in maximal extension, while that of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is taut in the intermediate positions and(More)