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The basic machinery for the translocation of proteins into or across membranes is remarkably conserved from Escherichia coli to humans. In eukaryotes, proteins are inserted into the endoplasmic reticulum using the signal recognition particle (SRP) and the SRP receptor, as well as the integral membrane Sec61 trimeric complex (composed of alpha, beta and(More)
OBJECTIVES To report the clinical performance of massively parallel sequencing-based non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in detecting trisomies 21, 18 and 13 in over 140,000 clinical samples and to compare its performance in low-risk and high-risk pregnancies. METHODS Between 1 January 2012 and 31 August 2013, 147,314 NIPT requests to screen for fetal(More)
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer death, reflecting the need for better understanding the oncogenesis, and developing new diagnostic and therapeutic targets for the malignancy. Emerging evidence suggests that small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) have malfunctioning roles in tumorigenesis. Our recent study demonstrated that small(More)
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) triggers apoptosis in endothelial cells, while the mechanisms underlying this action are not entirely understood. Using genetic and pharmacological tools, we demonstrated that TGF-β induced a moderate apoptotic response in human cultured endothelial cells, which was dependent upon upregulation of the Nox4 NADPH oxidase(More)
The catalytic properties of RNA and its well known role in gene expression and regulation are the consequence of its unique solution structures. Identification of the structural determinants of ligand recognition by RNA molecules is of fundamental importance for understanding the biological functions of RNA, as well as for the rational design of RNA(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The reactive oxygen mechanisms associated with cell damage after photodynamic therapy (PDT) may be exploited to enhance tumor destruction. Pharmacological reduction of glutathione (GSH), an inhibitor of reactive oxygen species, can be induced by administration of buthionine sulfoximine (BSO). STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS BSO(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the mechanisms by which diet influences the prostate may eventually lead to novel approaches for preventing prostate cancer. The objective of this research is to examine the impact of dietary fat, vitamin D, and genistein on prostate weight, serum and intraprostatic androgen levels, and the expression of several androgen-response(More)
BACKGROUND The delivery of recombinant genes to cardiomyocytes holds promise for the treatment of a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Previous gene transfer approaches that used direct injection of plasmid DNA or replication-defective adenovirus vectors have been limited by low transduction frequencies and transient transgene expression due to immune(More)
Amplification and overexpression of putative oncogenes confer growth advantages for tumor development. We used a functional genomic approach that integrated simultaneous genomic and transcript microarray, proteomics, and tissue microarray analyses to directly identify putative oncogenes in lung adenocarcinoma. We first identified 183 genes with increases in(More)