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Mammalian reproduction is dependent upon intermittent delivery of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) to the anterior pituitary. This mode of secretion is required to sensitize maximally the gonadotrophs to LHRH stimulation and to regulate gonadotropin gene expression. While LHRH secretion is pulsatile in nature, the origin of the pulse generator(More)
Colocalization of neurotransmitters, including neuropeptides and amines, in the same neuron of certain areas or well-defined nuclei of the central and peripheral nervous systems appears to be the rule rather than the exception. The coexistent neurotransmitters can be coreleased and interact at pre- and postsynaptic levels in a synergistic or antagonistic(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate the relative contribution of endogenous excitatory amino acids to the control of the estradiol-induced LH surge using specific blockers for N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) and non-NMDA receptor types. Adult female rats ovariectomized for 2-3 weeks were implanted with third ventricular cannulae one week before the(More)
The authors propose a new procedure for reducing faking on personality tests within selection contexts. This computer-based procedure attempts to identify and warn potential fakers early on during the testing process and then give them a chance for recourse. Two field studies were conducted to test the efficacy of the proposed procedure. Study 1(More)
Galanin (GAL) is widely distributed in the peripheral and the central nervous systems. In the brain, the highest GAL concentrations are observed within the hypothalamus and, particularly, in nerve terminals of the median eminence. This location, as well as GAL actions on prolactin, growth hormone, luteinizing hormone (LH), and LH-releasing hormone (LHRH)(More)
The incidence of colocalization of galanin (GAL) in luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) neurons is 4- to 5-fold higher in female than male rats. This fact and the finding that the degree of colocalization parallels estradiol levels during the estrous cycle suggest that GAL is an estrogen-inducible product in a subset of LHRH neurons. To analyze(More)
The present study was designed to analyze in detail the effects of L-glutamate (L-Glu) and its agonists on the release of LHRH from arcuate nucleus-median eminence (AN-ME) fragments in vitro. Fragments from adult male rats were incubated in Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate buffer in the presence of different concentrations of L-Glu, kainate (KA),(More)
Neuronal networks controlling endocrine events present synchronous activity which is required for maintaining physiological functions, including reproduction. Although pulsatile hormone secretion is of paramount importance, the mechanism(s) by which secretory episodes are generated remain largely unknown. Nitric oxide (NO) has become the prototype of a new(More)
We have recently reported that a subpopulation of galanin (GAL)-immunoreactive perikarya in the preoptic area near the organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis (OVLT) has morphological characteristics similar to those of LHRH-containing neurons. In fact, both peptides are colocalized in those neurons in the male rat brain. In these studies we describe(More)