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The activity of medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) with octanoyl-CoA as a substrate was measured in human lymphocytes by a gas chromatographic technique. Phenazine methosulfate was used as the primary electron acceptor. After the addition of crotonase and subsequent hydrolysis, the reaction product 3-hydroxyoctanoic acid was quantitated by capillary(More)
1. The metabolic fate of orally given deuterated L-tyrosine, 50 mg/kg body weight, was investigated in seven patients with tyrosinemia type I in order to obtain evidence that the primary defect is at the level of fumarylacetoacetase. 2. The absence of fumarylacetoacetase could be proved in liver biopsy specimens obtained from four patients. 3. All patients(More)
Patients with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric aciduria due to a deficiency of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl Coenzyme A lyase usually present with a life-threatening crisis of hypoglycemia, metabolic acidosis and hyperammonemia. Diagnosis of this inborn error of leucine degradation is usually based upon gas-chromatographic analysis of organic acids in a patient's(More)
Tyrosyluria and for a part also tyrosinemia were studied in 60 healthy prematures of various birth weights and gestational ages. The first analyses were performed between the 6th and the 14th day after birth. A normal milk diet was given and the protein-intake was between 3 and 4 g/kg. After the first collection of urine half the patients received extra(More)