F-J van Schooten

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UNLABELLED Occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) increases the risk of developing lung cancer. Human exposure is often demonstrated by increased internal levels of PAH metabolites and of markers for early biological effects, like DNA adducts and cytogenetic aberrations. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to assess whether the current(More)
The 32P-post-labelling assay for DNA adduct quantification gives the opportunity to examine endogenous exposure to DNA reactive compounds. Most human biomonitoring studies applied white blood cells (WBC) or cells obtained by broncho-alveolar lavages (BAL) as source of DNA, but still it is not clear what cell type represents the most reliable indicator for(More)
Analysis of exhaled air leads to the development of fast accurate and non-invasive diagnostics. A comprehensive analysis of the entire range of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled air samples will enable the identification of VOCs unique for certain patient groups. This study demonstrates proof of principle of our developed method tested on a(More)
We examined a group of 105 workers from a primary aluminum plant for the presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-DNA adducts in their WBC and 1-hydroxypyrene in their urine. Workers were recruited from five job categories with different PAH exposure: the anode factory; the bake oven; and the electrolysis and the pot-relining departments. Unexposed(More)
With the aim of studying the effect of oral exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) on human DNA-adduct formation in mononuclear cells and excretion of 1-hydroxypyrene in urine, we examined the effect of consumption of charcoal-broiled hamburgers. Hamburgers were grilled and samples were homogenized, saponified, extracted with hexane and analysed(More)
DNA adducts may serve as a molecular dosimeter of exposure to cigarette smoke-associated carcinogens such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Target tissues for cigarette smoke-induced carcinogenesis are rarely accessible; therefore, peripheral blood cells or cells obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) may be used as surrogate sources of exposed(More)
The formation of DNA and protein adducts by environmental pollutants is modulated by host polymorphisms in genes that encode metabolizing enzymes. In our study on 67 smokers, aromatic-DNA adduct levels were examined by nuclease P1 enriched 32P-postlabelling in mononuclear blood cells (MNC) and 4-aminobiphenyl-haemoglobin adducts (4-ABP-Hb) by gas(More)
We define breathomics as the metabolomics study of exhaled air. It is a strongly emerging metabolomics research field that mainly focuses on health-related volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Since the amount of these compounds varies with health status, breathomics holds great promise to deliver non-invasive diagnostic tools. Thus, the main aim of(More)
We have undertaken a study among coke-oven workers to test the feasibility of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with anti-trans-7,8-dihydroxy-9,10-epoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-benzo[a]pyrene- DNA antibodies for monitoring occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Coke-oven workers are occupationally exposed to relatively high levels(More)
Smokers of cigarettes are exposed to a number of carcinogens, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and are at a high risk for lung cancer. PAHs exert their carcinogenic activity after metabolic activation to reactive intermediates that can damage DNA through adduct formation. Measuring DNA adducts in peripheral white blood cells (WBC) could(More)